Experimental Mechanics

, Volume 59, Issue 1, pp 95–109 | Cite as

Hybrid Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar to Identify Impulse-dependent Wave Characteristics of Viscoelastic Phononic Crystals

  • A. Haque
  • R. F. Ghachi
  • W. I. Alnahhal
  • A. Aref
  • J. ShimEmail author


There has recently been a rising interest in the nonlinear wave transmission behavior of phononic crystals. However, experimental studies focusing on the nonlinear wave transmission behavior of phononic crystals have been predominantly performed on 1-D granular crystals using customized impact apparatus. In this study, we explore split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) apparatus as a tool to study the nonlinear wave characteristics of a 1-D continuum viscoelastic phononic crystal. In order to resolve experimental challenges relating to signal-to-noise ratios and input impulse magnitudes, we propose a hybrid SHPB system composed of an aluminum input bar and a nylon output bar. For a considered viscoelastic phononic crystal, the application of the hybrid SHPB apparatus enabled us to observe some low transmission frequency zones, which were not identified from the linearly perturbed settings such as the analytical solution and the electrodynamic shaker tests. We further conducted a series of additional FE simulations to ensure the appearance of impulse-dependent low transmission frequency zones of the considered viscoelastic phononic crystal specimen. The additional sets of simulations evidently illustrate the impulse-dependent evolution of wave transmission coefficients, and demonstrate that the impulse-dependent wave transmission behavior can be experimentally investigated by adopting the hybrid SHPB apparatus. Thus, this study shows that the conventional SHPB apparatus can be employed effectively to study the emerging research field of nonlinear wave characteristics of phononic crystals.


Hybrid SHPB Impulse-dependent transmission coefficient Impact excitation Electrodynamic shaker Phononic crystals Finite-strain viscoelastic model 



The authors thank Qatar University Center for Advanced Materials facilitating the DMA tests of the considered silicon rubber. Thanks are also due to the support of the Center for Computational Research at the University at Buffalo (UB). The authors acknowledge the partial financial support through Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF) Grant No. NPRP8-1568-2-666.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interests

All the authors declare that there is no conflict of interest with any financial organization regarding the material discussed in the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Society for Experimental Mechanics 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil, Structural and Environmental EngineeringUniversity at BuffaloBuffaloUSA
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Architectural EngineeringQatar UniversityDohaQatar

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