Experimental Mechanics

, Volume 54, Issue 8, pp 1385–1393 | Cite as

Measurement of Sub-Surface Core Damage in Sandwich Structures Using In-situ Hertzian Indentation During X-ray Computed Tomography



Composite sandwich structures with honeycomb cores show varying properties in geometry and mechanical behavior depending on the studied scale. Herein a new test and evaluation method for sub-surface core damage in the indentation area of honeycomb sandwich structures using computed tomography is presented. The combination of X-ray micro-computed tomography (X-μCT) and an image analysis procedure adjusted to the detection of core deformation mechanisms allows the extraction and quantification of externally invisible, sub-surface damage in the sandwich composite. For this specific contact or indentation loading case on the sandwich face sheet an in-situ device is introduced, enabling a 3D analysis of the structural change during progressing indentation depth.


Micro-computed tomography GFRP honeycomb sandwich In-situ loading Indentation Contact modelling 

Supplementary material

11340_2014_9902_Fig14_ESM.gif (107 kb)

(GIF 107 kb)

11340_2014_9902_MOESM1_ESM.eps (6.1 mb)
High resolution image (EPS 6297 kb)


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Copyright information

© Society for Experimental Mechanics 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Dietrich
    • 1
  • M. Koch
    • 1
  • P. Elsner
    • 1
  • K. Weidenmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Applied Materials (IAM-WK)Karlsruhe Institute of TechnologyKarlsruheGermany

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