Experimental Mechanics

, 49:775 | Cite as

Evaluation of Residual Stresses Induced by Robotized Hammer Peening by the Contour Method

Article

Abstract

Welded components suffer from high tensile residual stresses close to the weld beads. These stresses seem to be the origin of premature cracking which could result in a catastrophic rupture during operation and a reduction of the lifespan of these components. In this context, the Hydro-Québec’s Research Institute (IREQ) developed a technique of residual stresses relaxation by robotized hammer peening which makes it possible to release stresses close to surface and preserve the mechanical and dimensional properties of manufactured components. Robotized hammer peening was used to induce compressive residual stresses on initially stress free samples of austenitic stainless steel 304L. Hammer peening layers from one to nine were performed and the resulting residual stresses were evaluated thanks to the contour technique. Complete 2D residual stress fields on samples cross sections were obtained. The ability of hammer peening to relax residual stresses within welded plates was then quantified on austenitic stainless steel 304L plates welded with a 308 steel and hammer peened. These tests show the efficiency of hammer peening as a method to relax tensile residual stresses and induce compressive ones to a depth of a few millimetres. Process parameters were optimized such as the number of hammer peening layers to be applied to reduce processing time and maximization of the intensity and spatial distribution of the compressive residual stresses.

Keywords

Residual stresses relaxation Welding Hammer peening Stress measurement Contour technique 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors would like to thank the CRSNG and the IREQ for their financial support and Dr Jean-Luc Fihey, Dr Jacques Lanteigne, Dr Raynald Simoneau and Denis Thibault for their help. They are also grateful to Stéphane Godin and Carlo Baillargeon for their help in the experimental tasks of this work.

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Copyright information

© Society for Experimental Mechanics 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.École de Technologie Supérieure (Université du Québec)MontréalCanada

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