Experimental Study of Open-Cell Cellular Structures with Elastic Filler Material
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Open-cell cellular structures have a high potential for use in automotive, railway, ship and aerospace industry as crash energy absorbers. This paper focuses on the influence of the second phase filler material as a way to further increase the capability of cellular material energy absorption. The behaviour of ductile (aluminium alloy) and brittle (polymer) cellular structures with regular topology with and without the pore filler (silicon rubber) under quasi-static and dynamic compressive loading conditions has been experimentally studied and evaluated. The base material properties of the aluminium alloy and the polymer were obtained with separate experimental testing. The use of second phase filler material resulted in significant changes in cellular material behaviour. It was observed that the pore filler material increases the capability of energy absorption and furthermore improves and stabilises the response of a brittle cellular structures.