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Moderate exercise training reduced the harmful effects of electromagnetic radiation emitted from a cell phone on hematological parameters in male Wistar rats

  • Hesam Addin Akbari
  • Abbas Ali GaeiniEmail author
  • Siroos Choobineh
Original Article

Abstract

Background

Cell phones emit radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) that negatively affects the hematological blood profile. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate whether exercise training can exert any protective impacts on hematological parameters in male Wistar rats.

Methods

Twenty-four male Wistar rats (10 weeks old) were randomly assigned to e exposure to RF-EMR (RF-EMR) group, exercise group RF-EMR plus exercise (RF-EMR + Exercise) group, and control group. The rats in the exposure to RF-EMR groups (RF-EMR and RF-EMR + exercise) were exposed to RF-EMR 3 h/day for 28 days. The rats in the exercise groups (exercise and RF-EMR + exercise) were administered to moderate exercise training 6 days a week for 28 days. After 28 days, animals were sacrificed 24 h following the completion of the experiment, and hematological parameters, including complete blood count, were assessed.

Results

Exposure to RF-EMR induced a significant decrease in RBC, HGB, HCT, MCV, MCH, and MCHC, and an increase in PLT and WBC in compared with the control group (p < 0.05). However, most of the hematological parameters of the RF-EMR + exercise group were similar to the control group (except for PLT) that showed the inhibitory effect of exercise training against the harmful effects of cell phone radiation.

Conclusions

28 day moderate exercise training is beneficial to attenuate the harmful effects of RF-EMR emitted from the cell phone.

Keywords

Mobile phone Physical activity Electromagnetic fields Hematology system 

Notes

Funding

No funding was awarded to support this project.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving animals were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institution or practice at which the studies were conducted (Animal Care and Ethics Committee of Sport Sciences Research Institute of Iran, IR.SSRI.REC.1397.376).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hesam Addin Akbari
    • 1
  • Abbas Ali Gaeini
    • 1
    Email author
  • Siroos Choobineh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport SciencesUniversity of TehranTehranIran

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