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Sport Sciences for Health

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 569–576 | Cite as

Administration of vitamin D and aerobic training: recovery of lung apoptosis markers in male rats exposed to hydrogen peroxide

  • Somayeh Ramezani
  • Maghsoud PeeriEmail author
  • Mohammad Ali Azarbayjani
  • Firouzeh Dehghan
Original Article
  • 27 Downloads

Abstract

Background

Apoptosis is one of the indications of programmed cell death (PCD) and is known as a physiological event in multicellular organisms. This study was designed to determine the effect of aerobic training alongside vitamin D supplementation on lung cell apoptosis in male rats exposed to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).

Methods

48 male rats were assigned into six groups: H2O2, (H); H2O2 + D3, (HD); H2O2 + training, (HE); H2O2 + D3 + E, (HDE); dimethyl sulfoxide, (DMSO) and control intact. 1 mmol/kg of H2O2 was injected three times per week. The exercising rats performed the program on a rodent’s treadmill for 8 weeks, 5 days a week. The HD and HDE groups received a daily dose of 0.5 µg for 8 weeks. The lung tissue was exposed and stored at − 80. Then, the RT-PCR method was employed to examine the gene expressions of BAX, BCL2, Caspase-3 and Bcl-2/Bax ratios.

Results

Results indicated that training, as well as a combination of training and vitamin D had a significant effect on BAX, BCL2 and Bel2/Bax ratio in case of H2O2 toxicity. The training and vitamin D groups both had no significant effect on Caspase-3 gene expression.

Conclusion

Based on the results of this research, it can be concluded that regular aerobic training alongside consumption of D3 might result in significant alteration of the genes involved in apoptosis caused by H2O2 presence in lung tissues.

Keywords

Apoptosis Oxidative stress BCL2 BAX Caspase-3 Aerobic training Vitamin D 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

For this type of study formal consent is not required.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Somayeh Ramezani
    • 1
  • Maghsoud Peeri
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohammad Ali Azarbayjani
    • 1
  • Firouzeh Dehghan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Central Tehran BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran

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