Effects of low-load resistance training with blood flow restriction on the perceived exertion, muscular resistance and endurance in healthy young adults
- 122 Downloads
The objective was to verify the effect of low-load resistance training with blood flow restriction (LL + BFR) on the rating of perceived exertion (RPE). In addition, strength and muscular endurance were evaluated. 26 male subjects were divided into two groups: (a) low-load resistance training with blood flow restriction at 30% 1RM (one repetition maximum), and (b) high-load (HL) resistance training without blood flow restriction at 80% 1RM. The training lasted 8 weeks (three times a week) and consisted of elbow flexion and knee extensor exercises. RPE was assessed using the OMNI scale in sessions before and after training. The maximum dynamic force was evaluated using the 1RM test, and muscular endurance was assessed by the test of the number of repetitions at 60% 1RM. The RPE was higher in the pre-training session for elbow flexion exercise in the HL group as compared to the LL + BFR group (HL: 7.84 ± 1.25 LL: 6.34 ± 1.27; p < 0.05), besides being higher in the HL group in elbow flexion (HL: 8.61 ± 0.83 LL: 6.00 ± 1.53; p < 0.05) and knee extensor (HL: 8.38 ± 0.83 LL: 6.00 ± 1.89; p < 0.05) exercises in the post-training session when comparing the groups. Also in LL + BFR there was significant difference between moments in knee extensor (baseline: 8.30 ± 1.08 post: 6.00 ± 1.89; p < 0.05). There were strength gains in both groups, whereas they were greater for the HL group in the knee extensor exercise (p < 0.05). There were, in both groups, significant increase in muscular endurance (p < 0.05). Lastly, there was a negative correlation in strength with RPE in LL + BFR. In conclusion, the RPE reduced in LL + BFR resistance training compared to HL after 8 weeks of training. In addition, both methods were effective for increasing muscular strength and endurance.
KeywordsChronic effects Ischemia Vascular occlusion Strength OMNI scale
We would like to thank the IPA Methodist University Center - (Porto Alegre, Brazil), the Higher Education Personnel Training Coordination (Capes) and the Foundation for the Rio Grande do Sul State Research (Fapergs).
This study was funded by the Higher Education Personnel Training Coordination (CAPES) and the Foundation for the Rio Grande do Sul State Research (FAPERGS). We would like to thank the Centro Universitário Metodista-IPA (Porto Alegre, Brazil).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
- 4.Campos GE, Luecke TJ, Wendeln HK, Toma K, Hagerman FC, Murray TF, Ragg KE, Ratamess NA, Kraemer WJ, Staron RS (2002) Muscular adaptations in response to three different resistance-training regimens: specificity of repetition maximum training zones. Eur J ApplPhysiol 88(1–2):50–60Google Scholar
- 16.Vechin FC, Libardi CA, Conceição MS, Damas FR, Lixandrão ME, Berton RP et al (2015) Comparisons between low-intensity resistance training with blood flow restriction and high-intensity resistance training on quadriceps muscle mass and strength in elderly. J Strength Cond Re 29(4):1071–1076CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 18.Goldfarb AH, Garten RS, Chee PDM, Cho C, Reeves GV, Hollander DB, Aboudehen KS, Francois M, Thomas C, Kraemer RR (2008) Resistance exercise effects on blood glutathione status and plasma protein carbonyls: influence of partial vascular occlusion. Eur J Appl Physiol 104(5):813–819CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 20.Marfell-Jones TO, Stewart A, Carter L (2006) International standards for anthropometric assessment. International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry, Glasgow, Scotland, pp 21–111Google Scholar
- 21.Lombardi VP (1989) Beginning weight training: the safe and effective way. C. Brown, DubuqueGoogle Scholar
- 23.Ramis TR, Muller CHL, Boeno FP, Teixeira BC, Rech A, Pompermayer MG et al (2018) Effects of traditional and vascular restricted strength training program with equalized volume on isometric and dynamic strength, muscle thickness, electromyographic activity, and endothelial function adaptations in young adults. J Strength Cond Res. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002717 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 24.Patterson SD, Ferguson RA (2010) Increase in calf post-occlusive blood flow and strength following short-term resistance exercise training with blood flow restriction in young women. Eur J ApplPhysiol 108(5):1025–1033Google Scholar
- 28.Egan B, Zierath JR (2013) Exercise metabolism and the molecular regulation of skeletal muscle adaptation.Cellmetab 17(2):162–184Google Scholar
- 30.Neto GR, Novaes JS, Salerno VP, Gonçalves MM, Piazera BK, Rodrigues-Rodrigues T, Cirilo-Sousa MS (2017) Acute effects of resistance exercise with continuous and intermittent blood flow restriction on hemodynamic measurements and perceived exertion. Perceptual Motor Skills 124(1):277–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar