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Can mat Pilates intervention increase lower limb rate of force development in overweight physically active older women?

  • Josefina BertoliEmail author
  • Fernando Diefenthaeler
  • Daniele Detanico
  • Juliano Dal Pupo
  • Marco Aurélio Vaz
  • Cíntia de la Rocha Freitas
Original Article
  • 38 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

This study investigated the effect of 12 weeks of mat Pilates intervention (60 min sessions, three times per week) on lower limb rate of force development (RFD) parameters (absolute and relative values and contractile impulse) in physically active and overweight elderly women.

Methods

Fourteen elderly women (age 62 ± 3 years) participated in this study. Workouts were performed in three sets; repetitions increased every 4 weeks, and exercise difficulty increased from beginner to intermediate and advanced levels. Knee extensor and hip extensor–flexor RTD parameters were measured at different time intervals (0–30, 0–50, 0–100, 0–150, 0–200, and 0–250 ms) before (weeks − 4 and 0, control period) and after 6 and 12 weeks of mat Pilates intervention.

Results

No statistical difference (p > 0.05) was observed between weeks − 4 and 0 (control period). However, significant increments were observed after week 12 for most time intervals for absolute and relative knee extensor and hip extensor–flexor RFD, as well as for contractile impulse for the same muscle groups.

Conclusions

We conclude that the mat Pilates causes significant increments in knee extensor and hip extensor–flexor RFD and contractile impulse using an incremental structure of training in physically active elderly women.

Keywords

Aging Physical activity Rapid force Muscle contraction 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank the study participants, CAPES for the scholarship for JB, and CNPq for the fellowship for FD and MAV.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors of this manuscript declare no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

The local Human Research Ethics Committee approved the study (Protocol No. 44972915.9.0000.0110), procedures were conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki, and the participants signed an informed consent form.

Supplementary material

11332_2019_533_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.7 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1705 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Josefina Bertoli
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fernando Diefenthaeler
    • 1
  • Daniele Detanico
    • 1
  • Juliano Dal Pupo
    • 1
  • Marco Aurélio Vaz
    • 2
  • Cíntia de la Rocha Freitas
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratório de Biomecânica, Centro de DesportosUniversidade Federal de Santa CatarinaFlorianópolisBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratório de Pesquisa do ExercícioUniversidade Federal de Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil

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