Maximal accumulated oxygen deficit is influenced by chronological age and is related to intensity of VO2PEAK
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This study aimed to verify the influence of chronological age on maximal accumulated oxygen deficit (MAOD) and the correlations with maximal oxygen uptake (VO2PEAK) and intensity (vVO2PEAK).
Thirty-one male athletes underwent an incremental exercise test involving 10 submaximal efforts (50–95% of velocity corresponding to VO2PEAK [vVO2PEAK]) and one supramaximal effort at 110% of vVO2PEAK to determine MAOD. We analyzed a combined group (n = 31) and two groups according to age (G1 = 15.5 ± 0.5; G2 = 36.0 ± 7.9 years).
The values of absolute VO2PEAK (4.3 ± 0.4 L·min−1) and vVO2PEAK (15.9 ± 1.7 km·h−1) were higher in G2 than those in G1 (3.5 ± 0.3 L·min−1; 14.6 ± 0.9 km·h−1). Individuals in G1 had absolute and relative values of MAOD (2.4 ± 0.7 L; 35.1 ± 11.1 mL·kg−1) lower than those in G2 (3.9 ± 0.9 L; 46.8 ± 10.9 mL·kg−1). Correlations between MAOD and performance during the experimental protocol were tested; VO2PEAK and vVO2PEAK yielded correlations with performance (n = 31; r = 0.56; r = 0.60). Moreover, when corrected for chronological age, we detected correlations between absolute and relative values of MAOD and VO2PEAK (r = 0.42; r = 0.61) and vVO2PEAK (r = 0.43; r = 0.56).
The MAOD is influenced by chronological age and is related to VO2PEAK and vVO2PEAK independent of age.
KeywordsMAOD Age Anaerobic Capacity Fitness Performance Sports
We greatly appreciate the collaboration of all students and teachers involved in the project. In particular, we would like to thank Nayan Xavier Ribeiro (in memoriam).
We would like to thank the Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo for their financial support (10/08761-2 and 13/15322-3).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures were approved by the University’s Institutional Review Board for Human Subjects (Human Research Ethics Committee - 78855516.9.0000.5659) and were conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki. Avaliable in http://plataformabrasil.saude.gov.br/login.jsf.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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