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Optimal load for the muscle power profile of prone bench pull in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu athletes

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No studies were observed optimal intensity loads for the muscle power performance during prone bench pull exercise in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu athletes (BJJ) and this exercise is more similar with grip technics.


To identify the optimal intensity for the muscle power performance variables during PBP exercise in BJJ athletes.


Fifteen athletes (25.5 ± 4.9 years; 65.6 ± 12.2 kg; 177.5 ± 4.7 cm) performed PBP at 30, 40, 50 and 60% of one repetition maximum (1RM) in a random order. The mean power (MP), mean velocity (MV), mean propulsive power (MPP) and mean propulsive velocity (MPV) were determined by measuring the barbell displacement by a linear encoder.


In all power performance variables, higher power output was observed at 40 and 50% 1RM when compared to 30 and 60% 1RM (MP: F = 29.07; p < 0.001; MV: F = 40.80; p < 0.001; MPP: F = 53.69; p = 0.003; MPV: F = 166.2; p > 0.001). Additionally, it was observed higher MPP at 50% 1RM when compared to 40% 1RM (F = 55.23; p < 0.001). The polynomial adjustment indicated that the optimal intensity load for producing highest power performance ranged from 45 to 50% 1RM (R 2 = 0.938–0.989) across all variables.


The loads between 45 and 50% 1RM produced the optimal muscle power performance during PBP exercise in BJJ athletes.

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Fig. 1
Fig. 2



Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu


Prone bench pull


One repetition maximum


Mean power


Mean velocity


Mean propulsive power


Mean propulsive velocity


Coefficient of variation


Intraclass correlation coefficient


Effect size

ESCI diff :

Effect size confidence differences interval


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Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This study was approved by the local ethics committee (CAAE: 72552817.2.0000.5511) and the athletes were informed of the purposes and inherent risks associated with this research.

Informed consent

The athletes provided their written informed consent.

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Correspondence to Lucas Duarte Tavares.

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Tavares, L.D., Zanchetta, F., Lasevicius, T. et al. Optimal load for the muscle power profile of prone bench pull in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu athletes. Sport Sci Health 14, 143–149 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-017-0418-x

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  • Submission fight
  • Grappling sports
  • Combat sports
  • Strength training