No studies were observed optimal intensity loads for the muscle power performance during prone bench pull exercise in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu athletes (BJJ) and this exercise is more similar with grip technics.
To identify the optimal intensity for the muscle power performance variables during PBP exercise in BJJ athletes.
Fifteen athletes (25.5 ± 4.9 years; 65.6 ± 12.2 kg; 177.5 ± 4.7 cm) performed PBP at 30, 40, 50 and 60% of one repetition maximum (1RM) in a random order. The mean power (MP), mean velocity (MV), mean propulsive power (MPP) and mean propulsive velocity (MPV) were determined by measuring the barbell displacement by a linear encoder.
In all power performance variables, higher power output was observed at 40 and 50% 1RM when compared to 30 and 60% 1RM (MP: F = 29.07; p < 0.001; MV: F = 40.80; p < 0.001; MPP: F = 53.69; p = 0.003; MPV: F = 166.2; p > 0.001). Additionally, it was observed higher MPP at 50% 1RM when compared to 40% 1RM (F = 55.23; p < 0.001). The polynomial adjustment indicated that the optimal intensity load for producing highest power performance ranged from 45 to 50% 1RM (R 2 = 0.938–0.989) across all variables.
The loads between 45 and 50% 1RM produced the optimal muscle power performance during PBP exercise in BJJ athletes.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Prone bench pull
One repetition maximum
Mean propulsive power
Mean propulsive velocity
Coefficient of variation
Intraclass correlation coefficient
- ESCI diff :
Effect size confidence differences interval
Follmer B, Dellagrana RA, Franchini E, Diefenthaeler F (2015) Relationship of kimono grip strength tests with isokinetic parameters in jiu-jitsu athletes. Rev Bras Cineantropometria Desempenho Humano 17(5):575–582
Andreato LV, Julio UF, Goncalves Panissa VL, Del Conti Esteves JV, Hardt F, Franzoi de Moraes SM, Oliveira de Souza C, Franchini E (2015) Brazilian jiu-jitsu simulated competition part II: physical performance, time-motion, technical–tactical analyses, and perceptual responses. J Strength Cond Res 29(7):2015–2025. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000819
da Silva BV, Ide BN, de Moura Simim MA, Marocolo M, da Mota GR (2014) Neuromuscular responses to simulated Brazilian jiu-jitsu fights. J Hum Kinet 44:249–257. https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2014-0130jhk-44-249
da Silva BV, Simim MA, Marocolo M, Franchini E, da Mota GR (2015) Optimal load for the peak power and maximal strength of the upper body in Brazilian jiu-jitsu athletes. J Strength Cond Res 29(6):1616–1621. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000799
Correa da Silva BV, Marocolo Junior M, de Moura Simim MA, Rezende FN, Franchini E, da Mota GR (2013) Reliability in kimono grip strength tests and comparison between elite and non-elite Brazilian jiu-jitsu players. Arch Budo 8(2):103–107
Ratamess NA (2011) Strength and conditioning for grappling sports. Strength Cond J 33(6):18–24
Ratamess NA (1998) Weight training for jiu jitsu. Strength Cond J 20(5):8–15
Loturco I, Nakamura FY, Kobal R, Gil S, Pivetti B, Pereira LA, Roschel H (2016) Traditional periodization versus optimum training load applied to soccer players: effects on neuromuscular abilities. Int J Sports Med. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0042-107249
Young KP, Haff GG, Newton RU, Gabbett TJ, Sheppard JM (2015) Assessment and monitoring of ballistic and maximal upper-body strength qualities in athletes. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 10(2):232–237. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2014-0073
Loturco I, Ugrinowitsch C, Roschel H, Tricoli V, Gonzalez-Badillo JJ (2013) Training at the optimum power zone produces similar performance improvements to traditional strength training. J Sports Sci Med 12(1):109–115
Cormie P, McGuigan MR, Newton RU (2010) Adaptations in athletic performance after ballistic power versus strength training. Med Sci Sports Exerc 42(8):1582–1598. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181d2013a
Cronin J, Sleivert G (2005) Challenges in understanding the influence of maximal power training on improving athletic performance. Sports Med 35(3):213–234
Kawamori N, Haff GG (2004) The optimal training load for the development of muscular power. J Strength Cond Res 18(3):675–684. https://doi.org/10.1519/1533-4287(2004)18<675:TOTLFT>2.0.CO;2
Izquierdo M, Hakkinen K, Gonzalez-Badillo JJ, Ibanez J, Gorostiaga EM (2002) Effects of long-term training specificity on maximal strength and power of the upper and lower extremities in athletes from different sports. Eur J Appl Physiol 87(3):264–271. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-002-0628-y
Garcia-Pallares J, Lopez-Gullon JM, Muriel X, Diaz A, Izquierdo M (2011) Physical fitness factors to predict male Olympic wrestling performance. Eur J Appl Physiol 111(8):1747–1758. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-010-1809-8
Loturco I, Pereira LA, Abad CC, Tabares F, Moraes JE, Kobal R, Kitamura K, Nakamura FY (2016) Bar velocities capable of optimising the muscle power in strength-power exercises. J Sports Sci. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1186813
Loturco I, Nakamura FY, Tricoli V, Kobal R, Cal Abad CC, Kitamura K, Ugrinowitsch C, Gil S, Pereira LA, Gonzalez-Badillo JJ (2015) Determining the optimum power load in jump squat using the mean propulsive velocity. PLoS ONE 10(10):e0140102. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140102
Sanchez-Medina L, Gonzalez-Badillo JJ, Perez CE, Pallares JG (2014) Velocity- and power-load relationships of the bench pull vs. bench press exercises. Int J Sports Med 35(3):209–216. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0033-1351252
Loturco I, Tricoli V, Roschel H, Nakamura FY, Cal Abad CC, Kobal R, Gil S, Gonzalez-Badillo JJ (2014) Transference of traditional versus complex strength and power training to sprint performance. J Hum Kinet 41:265–273. https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2014-0054jhk-41-265
Maio Alves JM, Rebelo AN, Abrantes C, Sampaio J (2010) Short-term effects of complex and contrast training in soccer players’ vertical jump, sprint, and agility abilities. J Strength Cond Res 24(4):936–941. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c7c5fd
Lloyd R, Deutsch M (2008) Effect of order of exercise on performance during a complex training session in rugby players. J Sports Sci 26(8):803–809. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410801942130
Ebben WP (2002) Complex training: a brief review. J Sports Sci Med 1(2):42–46
Samozino P, Rejc E, Di Prampero PE, Belli A, Morin JB (2012) Optimal force–velocity profile in ballistic movements—altius: citius or fortius? Med Sci Sports Exerc 44(2):313–322. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31822d757a
Newton RU, Rogers RA, Volek JS, Hakkinen K, Kraemer WJ (2006) Four weeks of optimal load ballistic resistance training at the end of season attenuates declining jump performance of women volleyball players. J Strength Cond Res 20(4):955–961. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-5050502x.1
International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK) (2012) International standards for anthropometric assessment. ISAK, Australia
Jackson AS, Pollock ML (1978) Generalized equations for predicting body density of men. Br J Nutr 40(3):497–504
Siri WE (1993) Body composition from fluid spaces and density: analysis of methods. 1961. Nutrition 9(5):480–491 (discussion 480, 492)
Brown LE, Weir JP (2001) Asep procedures recommendation 1: accurate assessment of muscular strength and power. J Exerc Physiol 4(3):1–21
Bosco C, Belli A, Astrua M, Tihanyi J, Pozzo R, Kellis S, Tsarpela O, Foti C, Manno R, Tranquilli C (1995) A dynamometer for evaluation of dynamic muscle work. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 70(5):379–386
Sanchez-Medina L, Perez CE, Gonzalez-Badillo JJ (2010) Importance of the propulsive phase in strength assessment. Int J Sports Med 31(2):123–129. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1242815
Nakagawa S, Cuthill IC (2007) Effect size, confidence interval and statistical significance: a practical guide for biologists. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 82(4):591–605. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-185X.2007.00027.x
Hopkins WG, Marshall SW, Batterham AM, Hanin J (2009) Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. Med Sci Sports Exerc 41(1):3–13. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31818cb278
Morin JB, Samozino P (2016) Interpreting power–force–velocity profiles for individualized and specific training. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 11(2):267–272. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2015-0638
Samozino P, Edouard P, Sangnier S, Brughelli M, Gimenez P, Morin JB (2014) Force–velocity profile: imbalance determination and effect on lower limb ballistic performance. Int J Sports Med 35(6):505–510. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0033-1354382
Samozino P, Morin JB, Hintzy F, Belli A (2008) A simple method for measuring force, velocity and power output during squat jump. J Biomech 41(14):2940–2945. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2008.07.028
Andreato LV, Franchini E, de Moraes SM, Pastorio JJ, da Silva DF, Esteves JV, Branco BH, Romero PV, Machado FA (2013) Physiological and technical–tactical analysis in Brazilian jiu-jitsu competition. Asian J Sports Med 4(2):137–143
Gonzalez-Badillo JJ, Sanchez-Medina L (2010) Movement velocity as a measure of loading intensity in resistance training. Int J Sports Med 31(5):347–352. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0030-1248333
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This study was approved by the local ethics committee (CAAE: 72552817.2.0000.5511) and the athletes were informed of the purposes and inherent risks associated with this research.
The athletes provided their written informed consent.
About this article
Cite this article
Tavares, L.D., Zanchetta, F., Lasevicius, T. et al. Optimal load for the muscle power profile of prone bench pull in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu athletes. Sport Sci Health 14, 143–149 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-017-0418-x
- Submission fight
- Grappling sports
- Combat sports
- Strength training