Sport Sciences for Health

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 47–53 | Cite as

Normative tables for the dynamic and isometric judogi chin-up tests for judo athletes

  • Braulio Henrique Magnani BrancoEmail author
  • Eugênio Diniz
  • Jonatas Ferreira da Silva Santos
  • Seihati Ari Shiroma
  • Emerson Franchini
Original Article



No study has elaborated the normative tables to classify judo athletes as to the dynamic and isometric chin-up judogi tests.


To elaborate normative judogi chin-up tables to classify judo athletes.


138 male judo athletes from state, national, and international levels participated in the study. All tests were carried out during the competitive period. The tests can be performed by absolute values or relativized by body mass.


Data were distributed as percentile, with absolute values ≤ 10% (very poor ≤ 10 s; ≤ 1 rep), 11 a 25% (poor 11–25 s; 2–6 reps), 26–75% (regular 26–55 s; 7–16 reps), 76–90% (good 56–62 s; 17–19 reps), and > 90% (excellent ≥ 63 s; ≥ 20 reps). The relativized values consist of the following classifications [body mass multiplied per seconds (s) or repetitions (reps)] ≤ 10% (very poor ≤ 1051 kg.s; ≤ 121 kg.rep), 11–25% (poor 1052–2041 kg.s; 122–474 kg.rep), 26–75% (regular 2042–3962 kg.s; 475–1190 kg.rep), 76–90% (good 3963–4008 kg.s; 1191–1463 kg.rep), and > 90% (excellent ≥ 4009 kg.s; ≥ 1464 kg.rep).


The normative table can be used as a reference to classify judo athletes as to specific used as a reference to classify judo athletes as to specific dynamic and isometric endurance strength holding the judogi, a specific field test which is low cost and can be implemented with the basic equipment.


Martial arts Sports performance Training Field tests 



The first author is grateful to Julio Albuquerque for the translation of this article. The first author also is grateful to Olympian athlete/Beijing 2008, Pedro Dias, by courtesy photos.

Compliance with ethical standards

Funding source

This study was not funded by any institution (governmental or non-governmental).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there are no competing interests.

Ethical approval

The study was conducted in accordance with the international ethics directives and the Helsinki declaration, and was approved by the Research and Ethics Committee of the State University of Maringá, Paraná, Brazil, under number (57428916.9.0000.0104).

Informed consent

Besides, all athletes that participated this study, willingly signed an informed consent.


  1. 1.
    Marcon G, Franchini E, Jardim JR, Barros Neto TL (2010) Structural analysis of action and time in sports: judo. J Quant Anal Sport 6:1–13. doi: 10.2202/1559-0410.1226 Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    International Judo Federation (rules) (2016) IOP Publishing Physics Web. Accessed 09 May 2016
  3. 3.
    Escobar-Molina R, Courel J, Franchini E, Femia P, Stankovic E (2014) The impact of effectiveness and judo competitors penalties on subsequent attack combat outcome among high elite. Int J Perform Anal Sport 14:946–954Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Calmet M, Miarka B, Franchini E (2010) Modeling approaches of grasps in judo competition contests. Int J Perform Anal Sport 10:229–240Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Courel J, Franchini E, Femia P, Stankovic N, Escobar-Molina R (2014) Effects of kumi-kata grip laterality and throwing side on attack effectiveness and combat result in elite judo athletes. Int J Perform Anal Sport 14:138–147Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Detanico D, Arins FB, Dal Lupo J, Dos Santos SG (2012) Strength parameters in judo athletes: an approach using hand dominance and weight categories. Hum Mov 13:330–336Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Aruga S, Nakanishi H, Yamashita Y, Onda T, Ubukata K (2006) A study on the training method for improving judo players’ kumite strength: on the judogi chin-up method. Tokai J Med Sci Res Inst Sport Med Sci 18:44–53Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Franchini E, Miarka B, Matheus L, Del Vecchio F (2011) Endurance in judogi grip strength tests: comparison between elite and non-elite judo players. Arch Budo 7:1–4Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) The prohibited list. IOP Publishing Physics Web. Accessed 25 May 2016
  10. 10.
    Heyward VH (1996) Evaluation of body composition—current issues. Sports Med 22:146–156. doi: 10.2165/00007256-199622030-00002 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mathiowetz V, Weber K, Volland G, Kashman N (1984) Reliability and validity of grip and pinch strength evaluations. J Hand Surg Am 9:222–226. doi: 10.1016/S0363-5023(84)80146-X CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Heyward VH, Gibson AL (1997) Advanced fitness assessment and exercise prescription. Human Kinetics, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Silva BVC, Júnior M, Simim MAM, Rezende FN, Franchini E, Mota GR (2012) Reliability in kimono grip strength tests and comparison between elite and non-elite Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu players. Arch Budo 8:103–107. doi: 10.12659/AOB.883023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ramírez-Vélez R, Lópes-Albán CA, Rotta-Villamizar DRL, Romero-García JA, Alonso-Martinez AM, Izquierdo M (2015) Wingate anaerobic test percentile norms in Colombian healthy adults. J Strength Condens Res 30:217–225. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001054 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hopkins WG, Marshall SW, Batterham AM, Hanin J (2009) Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:3–13. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31818cb278 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Athayde MSS, Kons RL, Detanico D (2016) Influência da gordura corporal no desempenho do salto com contra-movimento em judocas de diferentes categorias de peso. Rev Bras Educ Fis Esporte (Epub ahead of print, in Portuguese) Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ratamess NA (2011) Strength and conditioning for grappling sports. J Strength Condens Res 33:18–24. doi: 10.1519/SSC.0b013e31823732c5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Miarka B, Hayashida CR, Julio UF, Calmet M, Franchini E (2011) Objetivity of FRAMI-software for judo match analysis. Int J Perform Anal Sport 11:254–266Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Andreato LV, Franchini E, Moraes SMF, Pastório JJ, Silva DF, Esteves JV, Branco BH, Romero PV, Machado FA (2013) Physiological and technical–tactical analysis in Brazilian jiu-jitsu competition. Asian J Sports Med 4:137–143CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Andreato LV, Julio UF, Panissa VL, Esteves JVdC, Hardt F, Moraes SMF, Oliveira de Souza C, Franchini E (2015) Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu simulated competition Part II: Physical performance, time-motion, technical–tactical analyses, and perceptual responses. J Strength Condens Res 29:2015–2025. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000819 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    International Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Federation (rules) (2016) IOP Publishing Physics Web. Accessed 09 May 2016
  22. 22.
    Franchini E, Branco BHM, Agostinho M, Calmet M, Candau R (2015) Influence of linear and undulating strength periodization on physical fitness, physiological, and performance responses to simulated judo matches. J Strength Condens Res 29:358–367. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000460 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Aruga S, Onda T, Aso K, Shirase H, Yamashita Y, Nakanishi H, Ubukata K (2003) Measurement of barbell lifting capacity and making strength standards in judo players. Tokai Med Sci 15:7–17Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Franchini E, Del Vecchio FB, Sterkowicz S (2009) A special judo fitness test classificatory table. Arch Budo 5:127–129Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sterkowicz-Przybycień KL, Fukuda DH (2014) Establishing normative data for the special judo fitness test in female athletes using systematic review and meta-analysis. J Strength Condens Res 28:3585–3593. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000561 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Braulio Henrique Magnani Branco
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Eugênio Diniz
    • 4
  • Jonatas Ferreira da Silva Santos
    • 1
  • Seihati Ari Shiroma
    • 1
  • Emerson Franchini
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Physical Education and SportUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.UniCesumar, University Center of MaringáMaringáBrazil
  3. 3.Physical Education Department of the Maringá State UniversityMaringáBrazil
  4. 4.Estácio de Sá UniversitySão PauloBrazil

Personalised recommendations