Sport Sciences for Health

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 117–124 | Cite as

Anthropometric characteristics and neuromuscular function in young judo athletes by sex, age and weight category

  • Gema Torres-LuqueEmail author
  • R. Hernandez-Garcia
  • N. Garatachea
  • P. T. Nikolaidis
Original Article



The aim of the study was to examine anthropometric characteristics and neuromuscular function in young judo athletes by sex, age and weight category.


146 child and cadet judo athletes were examined for height, body mass (BM), body fat percentage (BF), countermovement jump (CMJ), sit-and-reach (SAR) test and handgrip muscle strength (HMS).


The results showed that male adolescents were taller, had more HMS, and less BF and flexibility than girls. Significant differences in the sex and weight category were observed, chiefly in BF and body mass index. There were no differences in time to peak force of HMS and CMJ.


Based on these findings, special attention should be put to heavy BM categories targeting low BF and high muscle mass, which might contribute to improved neuromuscular function and in turn contribute to the dynamics randori. This study might help profiling the young judoka taking into account sex, age and BM category.


Judo Physical fitness Body composition Flexibility Muscle strength Adolescence 



We thank all participants, their parents and coaches for their collaboration.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the local institutional review board (Catholic University San Antonio of Murcia) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gema Torres-Luque
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. Hernandez-Garcia
    • 2
  • N. Garatachea
    • 3
  • P. T. Nikolaidis
    • 4
  1. 1.Group Research Science and Sport SEJ-470University of JaénJaénSpain
  2. 2.Judo Coach & Personal TrainerMurciaSpain
  3. 3.Faculty of Health and Sport ScienceUniversity of ZaragozaHuescaSpain
  4. 4.Department of Physical and Cultural EducationHellenic Army AcademyAthensGreece

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