The reliability, inter-relationship, and utility of stepping tests for dynamic balance evaluation in the elderly were examined. Seventy-seven women of mean age 75.4 years performed in-place, back/forth, up/down, and in-place matching tempo stepping tests. The number of steps, stance time, single and double support times (for in-place, back/forth, and up/down stepping) and difference between the metronome sound and grounding time (for matching tempo stepping) were evaluated. Reliabilities were high in almost all stepping tests (ICC=0.64~0.92). Correlations between stance time and double support time were high in back/forth and up/down stepping tests (r>0.83), as were correlations of number of steps, stance time, and single and double support times between back/forth and up/down stepping tests (r=0.72~0.84). The back/forth stepping and matching tempo stepping at 44 and 132 bpm tests and the stance and double support times in the former test are useful evaluation parameters of dynamic balance.
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Demura, S., Yamada, T., Shin, S. et al. Reliabilities and inter-relationships of various stepping tests and evaluation parameters for the elderly. Sport Sci Health 1, 162–167 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-006-0029-4
- Dynamic balance
- Stepping movement