Finding a needle in the haystack—narcolepsy and obstructive sleep apnea
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Narcolepsy is a rare disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), sleep paralysis, cataplexy, and hypnagogic hallucinations, which diagnosis depends on careful clinical consideration and confirmation for polysomnography (PSG) and multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) . EDS is an essential symptom that may be the primary concern for narcolepsy patients, leading to distress and impairment regarding The International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD-3) . However, it can also be found in other conditions as insufficient sleep syndrome and sleep disturbances such as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with a vast impact on general quality of life too.
OSA syndrome and narcolepsy are conditions that lead to daytime sleepiness. They can coexist in the same person, but the accurate diagnosis can be delayed by overlap of symptoms, risk factors, and comorbidities. OSA exists in narcolepsy patients due to the higher prevalence of obesity, and narcolepsy is a...
- 1.International Classification of Sleep Disorders – Third edition (ICSD-3). III ed. 2014: American Academy of Sleep MedicineGoogle Scholar