Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and public health: the Italian way
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is an underdiagnosed chronic disease with a very high prevalence in adults. Patients with untreated OSAS are at significantly increased risk of comorbidities as well motor vehicle accidents and work accidents.
In order to counteract the impact of OSAS on public health in Italy, the Italian Minister of Health has approved a new approach that is aimed at preventing and making an early diagnosis of OSAS in adults and children. To our knowledge, this is the first example of a holistic model planned by a national institution.
OSAS is a chronic disease with an estimated prevalence of 23.4% in women and 49.7% in men over 40 years of age . Patients with untreated OSAS are at significantly increased risk of cerebro-cardiovascular, metabolic and neurocognitive disease, motor vehicle accidents , and work accidents . For these reasons, OSAS has an adverse impact on quality of life and life expectancy, with a substantial adverse impact...
Compliance with ethical standards
No funding was received for this research.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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