Sleep and Breathing

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 1017–1026 | Cite as

Effect of automatic versus fixed continuous positive airway pressure for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea: an up-to-date meta-analysis

  • Ting Xu
  • Taoping Li
  • Dongning Wei
  • Yuan Feng
  • Lewu Xian
  • Haiqing Wu
  • Jian Xu
Review

Abstract

Purpose

This study was made to evaluate the effect of automatic continuous positive airway pressure (auto-CPAP) versus fixed continuous positive airway pressure (fixed CPAP) in reducing the apnea–hypopnea index (AHI) and the mean therapy pressure, improving subjective sleepiness, sleep architecture, patient compliance, and preference in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.

Methods

We searched the electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar. Randomized controlled trials comparing auto-CPAP with fixed CPAP were reviewed. Continuous variables were presented as mean difference (MD), and dichotomous data as odds ratio (OR), both with 95% confidence intervals (CI).

Results

We identified 19 studies consisting of 845 patients. Compared to fixed CPAP, the use of auto-CPAP reduced mean therapy pressure (MD −1.64; 95% CI −2.46 to −0.82), improved patient compliance (MD 0.23; 95% CI 0.06 to 0.39), increased the percentage of total sleep time (TST) in slow wave sleep (MD 5.11; 95% CI 1.34 to 8.88), and decreased the percentage of TST in stage 2 sleep (MD −4.75; 95% CI −9.38 to −0.11). Moreover, more patients preferred auto-CPAP therapy (OR 3.65; 95% CI 1.27 to 10.53). There were nonsignificant trends towards better outcomes with auto-CPAP for AHI and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (MD −0.43; 95% CI −1.10 to 0.23, and MD −0.24; 95% CI −0.74 to 0.25, respectively), though these are of questionable clinical significance.

Conclusions

There are some aspects of clinical care, such as a mild improvement in compliance, patient preference, and sleep architecture that appear to favor the use of auto-CPAP compared to fixed CPAP. The clinical relevance of these findings requires further study.

Keywords

Sleep apnea Continuous positive airway pressure Automatic Therapy Patient compliance Meta-analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ting Xu
    • 1
  • Taoping Li
    • 1
  • Dongning Wei
    • 2
  • Yuan Feng
    • 1
  • Lewu Xian
    • 1
  • Haiqing Wu
    • 1
  • Jian Xu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sleep Disorder CenterNanfang Hospital, Southern Medical UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Neurology of the 309th Hospital of PLABeijingChina

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