Sleep and Breathing

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 239–248 | Cite as

Long-term surgical cure of severe obstructive sleep apnea in an adult patient with craniofacial dysostosis (Crouzon’s syndrome): a case report and literature review

  • Manolis PapagrigorakisEmail author
  • Georgios A. Vilos
  • Charalabos Apostolidis
  • Euphemia Daskalopoulou
  • Manolis Vlachogiannis
Case Report


Craniosynostosis is a term used to describe the premature fusion of isolated or multiple cranial vault and cranial base sutures. Most cases of craniosynostosis appear de novo and are therefore primary. Primary craniosynostosis may be “simple,” when one or two cranial vault sutures are involved, such as the metopic, coronal, sagittal, and/or lambdoid sutures. In contrast, the term “syndromic” craniosynostosis (craniofacial dysostosis) describes familial forms of synostosis involving not only the cranial vault but various cranial base and midface sutures as well. In addition to premature suture fusion leading to cranial and facial dysmorphism, the various craniofacial dysostosis syndromes are characterized by a series of extracranial manifestations (e.g., cardiac, genitourinary, and musculoskeletal) of variable phenotypic severity. Familial types of craniofacial dysostosis were described by Apert in 1906, Crouzon in 1912, and Pfeiffer in 1964 [1, 2]. The common molecular...


Obstructive Sleep Apnea Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Craniosynostosis Distraction Osteogenesis Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Treatment 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manolis Papagrigorakis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Georgios A. Vilos
    • 2
  • Charalabos Apostolidis
    • 2
  • Euphemia Daskalopoulou
    • 3
  • Manolis Vlachogiannis
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of OrthodonticsUniversity of Athens School of DentistryAthensGreece
  2. 2.Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeonPrivate PracticeAthensGreece
  3. 3.Department of Internal Medicine, Sleep UnitSt. Paul General HospitalThessalonikiGreece

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