Occlusal splint for sleep bruxism: an electromyographic associated to Helkimo Index evaluation
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This study aims to evaluate long-term effects of using an occlusal splint in patients with sleep bruxism (SB), using surface electromyography (EMG) of masseter and temporalis muscles, as well as the Helkimo Index. The subjects were 15 individuals aged from 19 to 29 years, bearers of SB, with presence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD), which never have used occlusal splints. The subjects answered the Helkimo’s Index and underwent EMG before and after 60 days of occlusal splints use. There was no indication of a significant decrease in mean EMG levels over the therapy in the muscles. A significant decrease in TMD signs and symptoms were observed in SB patients after 60 days of occlusal splints therapy.
KeywordsSleep bruxism Electromyography Occlusal splints Masseter Temporalis
We thank the State of Sao Paulo Research Support Foundation (local acronym FAPESP) for the support for this research.
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