Sleep and Breathing

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 137–139 | Cite as

Long-Term Results of Maxillomandibular Advancement Surgery

  • Kasey K. LiEmail author
  • Nelson B. Powell
  • Robert W. Riley
  • Robert J. Troell
  • Christian Guilleminault
Original Article


Surgery is a major modality in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), and maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) has been shown to be the most effective surgical option. However, despite the successful short-term (6–9 months) results reported by various investigators, little is known of the long-term clinical outcomes. A review of our long-term clinical results demonstrated that MMA achieves long-term cure in most patients. Aging and minor weight gain did not appear to have a significant adverse effect on the long-term results; however, major weight gain did seem to have a significant negative impact on the long-term outcomes. Therefore, long-term follow-up with proper counseling on weight maintenance or reduction is essential in improving long-term results.


obstructive sleep apnea syndrome sleep apnea surgery sleep-disordered breathing maxillomandibular advancement 


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Copyright information

© Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kasey K. Li
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Nelson B. Powell
    • 1
  • Robert W. Riley
    • 1
  • Robert J. Troell
    • 1
  • Christian Guilleminault
    • 1
  1. 1.Stanford University Sleep Disorders and Research CenterStanford
  2. 2.Palo Alto

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