P2X2 receptors, with other P2X receptor subtypes, have an important role mediating synaptic transmission in regulating the functions of the gastrointestinal tract. Our recent work has found a new regulator of P2X receptor function, called phosphoinositide-interacting regulator of transient receptor potential channels (Pirt). In the present work, we have shown that Pirt immunoreactivity was localized in nerve cell bodies and nerve fibers in the myenteric plexus of the stomach, ileum, proximal, and distal colon and in the submucosal plexus of the jejunum, ileum, proximal, and distal colon. Almost all the Pirt-immunoreactive (ir) neurons were also P2X2-ir, and co-immunoprecipitation experiments have shown that Pirt co-precipitated with the anti-P2X2 antibody. This work provides detailed information about the expression of Pirt in the gut and its co-localization with P2X2, indicating its potential role in influencing P2X2 receptor function.
Pirt protein P2X2 receptor Enteric nervous system Mouse
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We appreciated Dr. Xinzhong Dong and Zong-Xiang Tang for providing Pirt knockout (−/−) mice. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of the People’s Republic of China (81471260 to Z. Xiang).
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