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Journal für Betriebswirtschaft

, Volume 60, Issue 2, pp 89–125 | Cite as

Agentenbasierte Simulation zur Analyse und Lösung betriebswirtschaftlicher Entscheidungsprobleme

  • Andreas DeckertEmail author
  • Robert Klein
State-of-the-Art-Artikel

Zusammenfassung

In komplexen ökonomischen Systemen ergeben sich oft Fragestellungen bzw. Entscheidungsprobleme, die mit klassischen Analyse- und Optimierungstechniken nur schwer adressierbar sind. Märkte, auf denen Akteure mit heterogenen Zielsetzungen dynamisch interagieren, oder Unternehmen, in denen vielschichtige Prozesse ineinandergreifen, sind typische Beispiele für solche Systeme in unserer global vernetzten Wirtschaft. In den letzten Jahren hat mit der agentenbasierten Simulation (ABS) eine Technik zunehmende Verbreitung gefunden, die hilft, solche Systeme zu simulieren und inhärente Wirkungszusammenhänge besser zu erfassen. Im vorliegenden Beitrag stellen wir die Möglichkeiten der ABS insbesondere zur Analyse und Lösung betriebswirtschaftlicher Problemstellungen näher vor und geben eine systematische Übersicht von Anwendungsfällen aus der Forschung und der unternehmerischen Praxis. Abschließend analysieren wir den Anwendungsprozess zur Nutzung einer ABS, von der Konzeption und Modellierung bis hin zur Implementierung und dem Ablauf der Simulation.

Schlüsselwörter

Simulation Agenten Betriebswirtschaftliche Anwendungen 

Abstract

Complex systems frequently reveal decision problems which cannot be addressed by classical analytical or optimization methods. Markets consisting of players that interact with heterogeneous goals or enterprises with multi-faceted intertwined processes are typical examples of such systems within the global economy. During recent years, the agent-based simulation (ABS) has spread as a technology that helps to simulate such systems and better understand their inner causes and effects. In this work, we present the potential of ABS with respect to business applications and review a broad set of case studies from academia as well as from corporate practice. To conclude, we analyze the application process for the utilization of an ABS, spanning from the conception and modeling to implementation and the processing of the simulation.

Keywords

Simulation Agents Business applications 

JEL Classification

M21 C69 L00 

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Copyright information

© Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien, Austria 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für Analytics & OptimizationUniversität AugsburgAugsburgDeutschland

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