Genome-wide analysis and identification of the SMXL gene family in apple (Malus × domestica)
- 430 Downloads
Strigolactones (SLs) are a recently discovered type of plant hormone that controls various developmental processes. The DWARF53 (D53) protein in rice and the SMAX1-LIKE (SMXL) family in Arabidopsis repress SL signaling. In this study, bioinformatics analyses were performed, and 236 SMXL proteins were identified in 28 sequenced plants. A phylogenetic analysis indicated that all potential SMXL proteins could be divided into three groups and that the SMXL proteins may have originated in Bryophytes. An analysis of the SMXL chromosomal locations suggested that gene duplication events at different times led to expansion of the SMXL family members in Angiospermae. Subsequently, the gene structure and protein modeling of MdSMXLs showed that they are highly conserved. The expression patterns of MdSMXLs indicated that they were expressed in different organs of apple (stems, roots, leaves, flowers, and fruits) at varying levels and that MdSMXLs may participate in the SL signaling pathway and the response to abiotic stress. This study provides a valuable foundation for additional investigations into the function of the SMXL gene family in plants.
KeywordsStrigolactones SMXL gene family Genome-wide identification Expression analysis Apple
This work was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31601742, U1706202), the Ministry of Agriculture of China (CARS-28), Shandong Province (SDAIT-06-03), and the Ministry of Education of China (IRT15R42).