Tree Genetics & Genomes

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 1089–1097 | Cite as

Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae) exhibits a mixed mating system, high correlated mating and apomixis

  • Eduardo Andrade Bressan
  • Alexandre Magno Sebbenn
  • Renato Rodrigues Ferreira
  • Tseng Sheng Gerald Lee
  • Antonio Figueira
Original Paper


The hierarchical mating system among and within fruits of Jatropha curcas was investigated in a base population using five microsatellite loci, employing mixed mating and correlated mating models. Open-pollinated fruits were collected from 15 randomly selected seed trees, sampling seven fruits per tree for a total of 21 seeds from each tree. We detected multilocus genotypes identical to the mother tree in 13 % of offspring, implying the occurrence of apomixis in J. curcas. The presumed apomictic individuals were excluded from the analysis of the remaining results. Evidence of substantial selfing was provided by the average multilocus outcrossing rate (tm = 0.683), showing that the species exhibits a mixed mating system. The outcrossing rate showed a large variation among seed trees, ranging from 0.21 to 1.0, indicating that the species is not self-incompatible. Significant differences were detected between the multilocus and the single locus outcrossing rates (tm − ts = 0.347) that suggested mating among related individuals, possibly because of the presence of individuals from the same progeny (sibs) in the base population. The multilocus paternity correlation was extremely high for the population (rp(m) = 0.999), indicating that the progenies were manly composed of full-sibs. As a consequence of selfing and a high paternity correlation, the co-ancestry coefficient within the progeny was higher (Θ = 0.369) than expected for panmictic populations. Our results indicated that J. curcas produces seeds asexually by apomixis and sexually by a mixed mating system, combining selfing and outcrossing.


Effective population size Mating system analysis Microsatellite loci Tropical tree 

Supplementary material

11295_2013_623_MOESM1_ESM.docx (16 kb)
ESM Table 1(DOCX 16 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo Andrade Bressan
    • 1
  • Alexandre Magno Sebbenn
    • 2
  • Renato Rodrigues Ferreira
    • 1
  • Tseng Sheng Gerald Lee
    • 3
  • Antonio Figueira
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Energia Nuclear na AgriculturaUniversidade de São PauloPiracicabaBrazil
  2. 2.Seção de Melhoramento e Conservação Genética FlorestalInstituto Florestal de São PauloPiracicabaBrazil
  3. 3.Centro de Ciências AgráriasUniversidade Federal de São CarlosArarasBrazil

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