One of the most debatable questions among developmental economists and sinologists today is the question that deals with the time it would take China to reduce its current ambient air pollution levels to the levels acceptable by the World Health Organization. Some studies suggest that an increase in the standard of living would improve the environmental situation, a phenomenon that is termed the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC). The objective of this study is to estimate the EKC and identify major factors leading to ambient air pollution in China during 2004–2013. We use time-series panel data in 27 provinces to estimate the variability in the levels of ambient air pollution as measured by particulate matter, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide. Some policy implications are drawn.
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The author would like to thank Bridget McCabe, Pace University student, for her help with data collection.
|Coding of Chinese cities and regions|
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Shostya, A. Ambient Air Pollution in China: Predicting a Turning Point. Int Adv Econ Res 22, 295–307 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11294-016-9590-z
- Ambient air pollution
- Environmental degradation
- Environmental Kuznets curve
- China’s economic growth and development
- Environmental clean-up