International Advances in Economic Research

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 495–514 | Cite as

The Determinants of Capital Structure Choice: Evidence from Polish Companies

  • Kinga MazurEmail author


The main objective of this paper is to investigate which of the two competing capital structure theories – the pecking order of financing choices or the traditional static trade-off model – better describes the financing decisions in Polish companies traded on the Warsaw Stock Exchange (WSE). The data come from financial statements of the companies and cover a 5-year period, 2000–2004. First, a correlation is run in order to separate a set of significant factors influencing the capital structure from the list of the following independent variables: assets structure, profitability, growth opportunities, liquidity, firm size, product uniqueness, earnings volatility, non-debt tax shields, dividend policy, and the effective tax rate. Next, in order to test the relationship between capital structure and its potential determinants, multiple regression is run. The evidence generally suggests the relevance of the pecking order hypothesis in explaining the financing choices of Polish firms.


Capital structure Static trade-off Pecking order Financing choices 

JEL Classification



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Copyright information

© International Atlantic Economic Society 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Applied SciencesWiener NeustadtAustria

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