This study tested the effectiveness of two situational loss prevention treatments (a protective display fixture and a public view monitor) in reducing loss levels of premium shaving blade replacement packs.
The study used a randomized controlled trial design with each treatment tested in 14 stores. The study also used a 14-store control group. Paired-sample t tests were used to determine whether differences between pre- and post-test product loss were statistically significant. The odds ratio (OR) is used to measure effect size.
The results indicate that the protective display fixture had a statistically significant reduction in loss, showing a difference of 21% between the pretest and posttest. The reduction in loss for the public view monitor was not statistically significant and the level of loss for the control group remained unchanged from the pretest to posttest period.
The results indicate that experimental research designs can be used in retail settings to determine the effectiveness of various theft control devices and technologies. The results of these analyses can help retailers and loss prevention practitioners make better informed decisions regarding which loss control approaches are most effective in reducing loss.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Bamfield, J. (2003). Stealing from shops: a survey of the European dimension in M. Gill (ed.), Crime at work volume 3: Managing security. Leicester: Perpetuity Press.
Bamfield, J. (2004). Shrinkage, shoplifting and the cost of retail crime in Europe: a cross-sectional analysis of major retailers in 16 European countries. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, 32(5), 235–241.
Bamfield, J. (2013). The global retail theft barometer 2011–12. Thorofare: Checkpoint Systems.
Bamfield, J., & Hollinger, R. C. (1996). Managing losses in the retail store: a comparison of loss prevention activity in the United States and Great Britain. Security Journal, 7(1), 61–70.
Carroll, J. & Weaver, F. (1986). Shoplifters' Perceptions of Crime Opportunities: A Process-Tracing Study. In D. Cornish and R. Clarke (eds) The Reasoning Criminal: Rational Choice Perspectives on Offending pp. 19-38. New York: Springer-Verlag
Clarke, R. V. (1995). Situational crime prevention. In M. Tonry & D. Farrington (Eds.), Building a safer society: Strategic approaches to crime prevention. The University of Chicago Press: Chicago.
Clarke, R. V. (2008). Situational crime prevention. In R. Wortley & L. Mazzerolle (Eds.), Environmental criminology and crime analysis. Portland: Willan Publishing.
Clarke, R. V. (2009). Situational crime prevention: Theoretical background and current practice. In M. D. Krohn, A. J. Lizotte, & G. P. Hall (Eds.), Handbook of crime and deviance. New York: Springer.
Clarke, R. V. and Eck, J.E. (2005) Crime Analysis for Problem Solvers. In 60 Small Steps. Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice.
Cornish, D. B., & Clarke, R. V. (2003). Opportunities, precipitators and criminal decisions: a reply to Wortley’s critique of situational crime prevention. Prevention Studies, 16, 41–96.
Cornish, D.B. and Clarke, R.V. (2008) The rational choice perspective. In: R Wortley and L. Mazerolle (eds.) Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis. Cullompton, UK: Willan Publishing.
Cornish, D., & Clarke, R. (2013). The reasoning criminal: Rational choice perspectives on offending. Piscataway: Transaction Publishers.
Diamond, G. A., & Forrester, J. S. (1983). Clinical trials and statistical verdicts: Probable ground for appeal. Annals of Internal Medicine, 98, 385–394.
Eck, J.E. and Madensen, T. (2009) Using signatures of opportunity to examine mechanisms in crime prevention evaluations. In (Johannes Knutsson and Nick Tilley, eds.), Crime Prevention Studies, Volume 24: Evaluating Crime Reduction Initiatives. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press.
Farrington, D. P. (2003). A short history of randomized experiments in criminology. Evaluation Review, 27(3), 218–227.
Hayes, R. (1991). Retail security and loss prevention. Stoneham: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Hayes, R. (2003). Loss prevention: senior management views on current trends and issues. Security Journal, 16(2), 7–20.
Hollinger, R., & Adams, A. (2013). 2012 national retail security survey: Final report. Gainesville: University of Florida.
Hollinger, R., & Hayes, R. (1993). The national shopping center security report. New York: Chain Store Age Executive.
Lab, S. R. (2010). Crime prevention: Approaches, practices and evaluations (7th ed.). Cincinnati: Anderson Publishing.
Nagin, D., & Paternoster, R. (1993). Enduring individual differences and rational choice theories of crime. Law and Society Review, 27(3), 467–496.
Shadish, W. R., Cook, T. D., & Campbell, D. T. (2002). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for generalized causal inference. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Sherman, L. (1990). Police crackdowns and residual Deterrence’. In M. Tonry & N. Morris (Eds.), Crime and justice: A review of research (Vol. 12, pp. 1–48). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Sherman, L. (2010). An introduction to experimental criminology. In A. A. Piquero & D. Weisburd (Eds.), Handbook of quantitative criminology. Philadelphia: Springer.
Tilley, N. (2006) Knowing and Doing: Guidance and Good Practice in Crime Prevention, in R. Clarke and J. Knuttson (eds) Putting Theory to Work: Implementing Situational Prevention and Problem-Oriented Policing. Crime Prevention Studies, vol. 20, pp. 217–52. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press.
Weisburd, D. (2000). Randomized experiments in criminal justice policy: Prospects and problems. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 46(2), 181–193.
Weisburd, D. (2010). Justifying the use of non-experimental methods and disqualifying the use of randomized controlled trials: challenging folklore in evaluation research in crime and justice. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 6(2), 209–227.
Welsh, B. C., & Farrington, D. P. (2007). Conclusions and directions from evidence-based crime prevention. In B. C. Welsh & D. P. Farrington (Eds.), Preventing crime: What works for children, offenders, victims and places. New York: Springer.
Welsh, B. C., & Farrington, D. P. (2009). Public area CCTV and crime prevention: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Justice Quarterly, 26(4), 716–745.
Welsh, B.C., Farrington, D.P. and Sherman, L.W. (2000) Costs and Benefits of Preventing Crime. Boulder: Westview Press. Understanding drug mechanisms of action." Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 11.3 (2012). Health Reference Center Academic. Web. 3 Apr. 2014.
Williams, R., & Lutz, B. (2014). The substantive and practical significance of citation impact differences between institutions: Guidelines for the analysis of percentiles using effect size and confidence intervals. In Y. Ding, R. Rosseau, & D. Wolfram (Eds.), Measuring scholarly impact: Methods and practice. New York: Springer.
About this article
Cite this article
Johns, T.L., Hayes, R., Scicchitano, M.J. et al. Testing the effectiveness of two retail theft control approaches: an experimental research design. J Exp Criminol 13, 267–273 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11292-017-9284-4
- Enhanced public view monitors
- Protective fixtures
- Randomized controlled trial
- Situational crime prevention
- Mechanism of action