Metal hyperaccumulating Brassicaceae from the ultramafic area of Yahyalı in Kayseri province, Turkey

Special Feature Ultramafic Ecosystems: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Serpentine Ecology
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Abstract

Many of the plants found in serpentine areas are endemics and they may accumulate Ni at high concentration. High accumulation of Cr is rare, or in some views, never properly demonstrated. Generally, a very small proportion of any serpentine flora shows high accumulation of Ni, in some serpentine areas Ni accumulators are completely absent. There are approximately 570 hyperaccumulator plant species found on earth, 450 of them are Ni hyperaccumulators. A few of the Ni accumulators have potential for phytoremediation or phytomining. In the present study, 19 different Brassicaceae members growing in serpentine habitats in the district of Yahyalı, Kayseri province, Turkey viz., members of genera Aethionema, Alyssum, Arabis, Heldreichia, Hesperis, Iberis, Isatis, Microthlaspi, Odontarrhena, Pseudosempervivum and Thlaspi were investigated. Nickel concentrations in the soil and underground and aboveground parts of plants were determined by using ICP-OES. It was observed that Ni concentrations of seven taxa (Odontarrhena muralis, O. oxycarpa, Isatis cappadocica subsp. cappadocica, Microthlaspi perfoliatum, Pseudosempervivum sempervivum, Thlaspi triangulare, Thlaspi rosulare) reach the threshold criterion of 1,000 mg kg−1 for Ni hyperaccumulation. In this study Ni concentrations in aboveground tissues of I. cappadocica subsp. cappadocica are determined as 5,587 mg kg−1 (in dry weight). Accordingly, it is suggested that this taxon be added to the list of Ni hyperaccumulator plants.

Keywords

Serpentine Ni-hyperaccumulator Isatis cappadoccica Kayseri 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was funded by Nevşehir Hacıbektaş Veli University Scientific Research Projects Coordination Unit as Project No. NEUBAP-13F28. The authors thanks Professor Roger D. Reeves for critical reading, improving quality of this manuscript and improving the English of this manuscript. Also, we would like to thanks Prof. Dr. Şinasi Yıldırımlı for identification of Isatis cappadocica subsp. cappadocica.

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Copyright information

© The Ecological Society of Japan 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Science and TechnologyAkdeniz UniversityAntalyaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceAkdeniz UniversityAntalyaTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Molecular Biology and Genetic, Faculty of Science and ArtNevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli UniversityNevşehirTurkey

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