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Ecological Research

, Volume 31, Issue 6, pp 799–810 | Cite as

Forest–farm edge effects on communities of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) under different landscape structures

  • Jong-Kook Jung
  • Joon-Ho LeeEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

In fragmented landscapes, ecological processes may be significantly influenced by edge effects, but few data are available for edge effects across forest–farmland edges. We investigated patterns of species richness, abundance, and species composition in ground beetles across forest–farm edges in two different agro-forest landscapes in Korea. Nine and five sites were selected from Hwaseong, a fragmented landscape, in 2011 and 2012, respectively, while eight sites were selected from Hoengseong, a relatively well-protected landscape, in 2012. Ground beetles were collected by pitfall trapping. Species richness was higher in the surrounding habitat than in the forest interior or edge in both Hwaseong and Hoengseong. However, in Hwaseong, species richness of the forest edge was similar to that of the forest interior, while in Hoengseong forest edge species richness was intermediate between that of the forest interior and surrounding areas. In addition, non-metric multidimensional scaling based on the combined data of both locations showed that the species composition of ground beetles in the forest edge was more similar to that of the forest interior than the surrounding areas, although some open-habitat species occurred at the forest edges. Three characteristic groups (forest specialists, edge-associated species, and open-habitat species) of ground beetle species were detected by indicator value analysis. In our study, ground beetle assemblages differed in the forest edges of two agro-forest landscapes, suggesting that the edge effect on biota can be influenced by landscape structure.

Keywords

Edge effect Landscape structure Habitat fragmentation Biodiversity conservation Carabid 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by the Brain Korea 21 Plus project.

Supplementary material

11284_2016_1388_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (87 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 88 kb)

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Copyright information

© The Ecological Society of Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Entomology Program, Department of Agricultural BiotechnologySeoul National UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Division of Forest Insect Pests and DiseasesNational Institute of Forest ScienceSeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Research Institute of Agriculture and Life SciencesSeoul National UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

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