Ecological Research

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 771–791 | Cite as

Chamaecyparis montane cloud forest in Taiwan: ecology and vegetation classification

  • Ching-Feng Li
  • David Zelený
  • Milan Chytrý
  • Ming-Yih Chen
  • Tze-Ying Chen
  • Chyi-Rong Chiou
  • Yue-Joe Hsia
  • Ho-Yih Liu
  • Sheng-Zehn Yang
  • Ching-Long Yeh
  • Jenn-Che Wang
  • Chiou-Feng Yu
  • Yen-Jen Lai
  • Ke Guo
  • Chang-Fu HsiehEmail author
Biodiversity in Asia


Montane cloud forest is one of the most endangered ecosystems. However, there are few comprehensive studies on the distribution of subtropical montane cloud forest (SMCF). Chamaecyparis forest is one type of SMCF in Taiwan, distributed across the whole island. This study describes eleven types of this forest in Taiwan based on the Braun-Blanquet approach. Plots were selected from the National Vegetation Database of Taiwan. Two alliances were defined, both of which belong to the order Fagetalia hayatae. Topography and altitude explain the contrasting habitat requirements of these two alliances, whereas seasonality of moisture, soil properties and altitude explain differences in floristic composition at the association level. The alliance of Chamaecyparidion formosanae on slopes and ridges includes coniferous or mixed coniferous and evergreen broad-leaved forests; it is found at higher altitudes and is more influenced by the summer monsoon than the other alliance. Five associations are defined within this alliance. The alliance of Pasanio kawakamii - Machilion japonicae growing on slopes and in valleys contains evergreen broad-leaved forests or forests with a mixture of coniferous and evergreen broad-leaved species. Six associations can be determined under the alliance of Pasanio kawakamii-Machilion japonicae. Classification of each syntaxon was formalized using Cocktail Determination Key.


Cocktail Determination Key Seasonality of moisture Species group Supervised classification Topography 



We appreciate the efforts of the editors and two anomymous reviewers who greatly helped us to improve this paper. The Forestry Bureau of Taiwan significantly contributed to this study by supporting the National Vegetation Database of Taiwan. The work was also supported by the Czech Science Foundation [GAP 505/12/1022 to CFL and MC, and GAP 505/11/0732 to DZ].

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Copyright information

© The Ecological Society of Japan 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ching-Feng Li
    • 1
  • David Zelený
    • 1
  • Milan Chytrý
    • 1
  • Ming-Yih Chen
    • 2
  • Tze-Ying Chen
    • 3
  • Chyi-Rong Chiou
    • 4
  • Yue-Joe Hsia
    • 5
  • Ho-Yih Liu
    • 6
  • Sheng-Zehn Yang
    • 7
  • Ching-Long Yeh
    • 7
  • Jenn-Che Wang
    • 8
  • Chiou-Feng Yu
    • 3
  • Yen-Jen Lai
    • 9
  • Ke Guo
    • 10
  • Chang-Fu Hsieh
    • 11
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Botany and ZoologyMasaryk UniversityBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Life SciencesNational Chung Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Nature ResourcesNational Ilan UniversityIlanTaiwan
  4. 4.School of Forestry and Resource ConservationNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  5. 5.Institute of Nature ResourcesNational Dong Hwa UniversityHualienTaiwan
  6. 6.Department of Biological SciencesNational Sun Yat-Sen UniversityKaohsiungTaiwan
  7. 7.Department of ForestryNational Pingtung University of Science and TechnologyPingtungTaiwan
  8. 8.Department of Life ScienceNational Taiwan Normal UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  9. 9.The Experimental ForestNational Taiwan UniversityNantouTaiwan
  10. 10.Institute of BotanyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  11. 11.Institute of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

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