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Relationship between soil P fractions and microbial biomass in an oligotrophic grassland-desert scrub system

Abstract

Phosphorus (P) is an essential element of the biosphere, both as a constituent of living organisms and as a regulator of biological processes. The Cuatro Ciénegas Basin in the central Chihuahuan Desert of Mexico is characterized by extreme P oligotrophy. The aim of this study was to quantify P distribution in soil P fractions, P sorption capacity, and P in microbial biomass in a desert scrub and grassland soil system in the Churince area of the Cuatro Ciénegas Basin over summer and winter seasons. Our objective, as part of an exploration of ecosystem functioning, was to ascertain the relationship between soil P fractions and P in microbial biomass. Our results demonstrate a scarcity of P, mainly in grassland, and also a higher P sorption capacity in grassland soil than in desert scrub. Desert scrub soil retained more P (228 ± 5 μg g−1 dry soil) than grassland soil (87 ± 10 μg g−1 dry soil), mainly in inorganic forms, but grassland soil retained more P in accessible organic forms. We suggest that biotic controls regulated by access to water shape the dynamics of soil P availability in the Churince grassland-desert scrub system.

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Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Keith MacMillan for English revision, two anonymous reviewers for useful suggestions, Rodrigo Velázquez-Durán for assistance with soil sampling and chemical analysis, and CONANP for permission to collect soil. This study was funded by a CTIC-UNAM postdoctoral scholarship (to YP), by a PAPIIT-DGAPA-UNAM (grant: Análisis de la vulnerabilidad de la dinámica de nutrientes en un ecosistema árido de México, IN204013) and Fundación Carlos Slim. This work constituted a partial fulfillment of requirements of the Graduate Program in Biological Sciences of the National Autonomous University of México (UNAM). YT-T acknowledges a scholarship and financial support provided by the National Council of Science and Technology (CONACyT; scholarship number 210603) and UNAM.

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Correspondence to Yareni Perroni.

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Perroni, Y., García-Oliva, F., Tapia-Torres, Y. et al. Relationship between soil P fractions and microbial biomass in an oligotrophic grassland-desert scrub system. Ecol Res 29, 463–472 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11284-014-1138-1

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Keywords

  • P soil fractions
  • Microbial P
  • Chihuahuan Desert
  • Cuatro Ciénegas Basin
  • P sorption capacity