Ecological Research

, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 1019–1028 | Cite as

Dendroclimatic signals deduced from riparian versus upland forest interior pines in North Karelia, Finland

  • Samuli Helama
  • Birgitte W. Arentoft
  • Olivier Collin-Haubensak
  • Michael D. Hyslop
  • Charlotte K. Brandstrup
  • Hanna M. Mäkelä
  • QinHua Tian
  • Rob Wilson
Original Article

Abstract

Radial growth of boreal tree species is only rarely studied in riparian habitats. Here we investigated chronologies of earlywood, latewood, and annual ring widths and blue intensity (BI; a surrogate to latewood density) from riparian lake shore and upland forest interior pines (Pinus sylvestris L.) growing in boreal forest in eastern Finland. Riparian and upland chronologies were compared to examine differences in the pine growth variability and growth response to climatic variation in the two habitats. It was found that the climatic variables showing statistically significant correlations with the tree-ring chronologies were related to snow conditions at the start of the growing season. Deeper snowpack led to reduced upland pine growth, possibly due to delayed snowmelt and thus postponed onset of the growing season. Warm late winters were followed by increased riparian pine growth because of earlier start of the snow-melt season and thus a lower maximum early summer lake level. Moreover, riparian pines reacted negatively to increased rainfall in June, whereas the upland pines showed a positive response. Latewood growth reacted significantly to summer temperatures. The BI chronology showed a strong correlation with warm-season temperatures, indicating an encouraging possibility of summer temperature reconstruction using middle/south boreal pine tree-ring archives.

Keywords

Blue intensity Dendrochronology Radial growth Lake shore Pinus sylvestris Tree ring 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was largely conducted during the pre-conference fieldweek of the World Dendro 2010, the 8th International Conference on Dendrochronology, at the Mekrijärvi Research Station, University of Eastern Finland, also supported by The Bert Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University. We thank the organizers of the fieldweek, Taneli Kolström (University of Eastern Finland), Paul J. Krusic, Håkan Grudd, and Björn Gunnarsson (Stockholm University) for hosting the fieldweek and for preparing the excellent working conditions at the locality. We also wish to thank all participants of the fieldweek for discussions and inspiring atmosphere during those days. Two anonymous reviewers are thanked for their constructive comments. This study was also supported by the Academy of Finland.

Supplementary material

11284_2013_1084_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (155 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 155 kb)

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Copyright information

© The Ecological Society of Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samuli Helama
    • 1
  • Birgitte W. Arentoft
    • 2
  • Olivier Collin-Haubensak
    • 3
  • Michael D. Hyslop
    • 4
  • Charlotte K. Brandstrup
    • 5
  • Hanna M. Mäkelä
    • 6
  • QinHua Tian
    • 7
  • Rob Wilson
    • 8
  1. 1.Finnish Forest Research InstituteRovaniemiFinland
  2. 2.Department of Plant and Environmental SciencesUniversity of CopenhagenFrederiksberg CDenmark
  3. 3.UQÀM-Institut des sciences de l’environnementMontrealCanada
  4. 4.School of Forest Resources and Environmental ScienceMichigan Technological UniversityHoughtonUSA
  5. 5.Department of Forest and LandscapeUniversity of CopenhagenFrederiksberg CDenmark
  6. 6.Finnish Meteorological InstituteHelsinkiFinland
  7. 7.National Climate CenterBeijingChina
  8. 8.School of Geography and GeosciencesUniversity of St. AndrewsFifeScotland, UK

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