Environment–KHV–carp–human linkage as a model for environmental diseases
To predict outbreaks of infectious disease and to prevent epidemics, it is essential not only to conduct pathological studies but also to understand the interactions between the environment, pathogen, host and humans that cause and spread infectious diseases. Outbreaks of mass mortality in carp caused by Cyprinid herpesvirus 3 (CyHV-3), formerly known as koi herpesvirus (KHV), disease have occurred worldwide since the late 1990s. We proposed an environment–KHV–carp–human linkage as a conceptual model for “environmental diseases” and specify research subjects that might be necessary to construct and shape this linkage.
KeywordsEnvironmental disease Koi herpesvirus Cyprinid herpesvirus 3 Common carp Cyprinus carpio carpio Environment–pathogen–host–human linkage
We thank our collaborators for their support in various ways. We also thank all the speakers and participants for the international symposium, “Environmental Change, Pathogens, and Human Linkages” held at the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN) in June 2008. We also thank freshwaterBIODIVERSITY, DIVERSITAS, an international program of biodiversity science, for their involving in discussion on infectious diseases in aquatic ecosystems. This research is supported by RIHN as one of the RIHN projects.
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