Ecological Research

, 26:477 | Cite as

‘Green tides’ are overwhelming the coastline of our blue planet: taking the world’s largest example

  • Nai-hao Ye
  • Xiao-wen Zhang
  • Yu-ze Mao
  • Cheng-wei Liang
  • Dong Xu
  • Jian Zou
  • Zhi-meng Zhuang
  • Qing-yin Wang


A broad spectrum of events that come under the category of green tide are recognized world-wide as a response to elevated levels of seawater nutrients in coastal areas. Green tides involve a wide diversity of sites, macroalgal species, consequences, and possible causes. Here we review the effect of natural and man-induced environmental fluctuations on the frequency and apparent spread of green tides. This article highlights the need for interdisciplinary research aimed at shedding light on the basic mechanisms governing the occurrence and succession of green algae in coastal seas. This will result in more effective management and mitigation of the effects of green tides, thus safeguarding the intrinsic and commercial value of coastal marine ecosystems.


Green tide Diversity Environmental fluctuation 


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Copyright information

© The Ecological Society of Japan 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nai-hao Ye
    • 1
  • Xiao-wen Zhang
    • 1
  • Yu-ze Mao
    • 1
  • Cheng-wei Liang
    • 2
  • Dong Xu
    • 1
  • Jian Zou
    • 1
  • Zhi-meng Zhuang
    • 1
  • Qing-yin Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Yellow Sea Fisheries Research InstituteChinese Academy of Fishery SciencesQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Qingdao University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina

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