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This note discusses the analytic tools available for studying the interrelations between the economy and the ecological system. It points out the importance of the concept of cooperative games as an addition to the emphasis on non-cooperative games in both economics and ecology. The relation between both concepts of the games and the market system is discussed.

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  1. Levin S (2006) Learning to live in a global commons: socioeconomic challenges for a sustainable environment. Ecol Res 21:328–333

  2. von Neumann J, Morgenstern O (1944) Theory of games and economic behavior. Princeton University Press, Princeton

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Correspondence to Kenneth J. Arrow.

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Arrow, K.J. Eco(nomics/logy). Ecol Res 22, 8–9 (2007).

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  • Economics
  • Ecology
  • Games
  • Cooperation
  • Market