Low Complexity Linear Detection for Uplink Multiuser MIMO SC-FDMA Systems

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In this article, the computational complexity reduction of zero forcing (ZF) and minimum mean square error (MMSE) detection is presented for the uplink multiple input multiple output (MIMO) single carrier frequency division multiple access (SC-FDMA) systems. MIMO SC-FDMA structure with detection of user’s data by the well-known multiuser linear detection approaches such as MMSE and ZF often use single input single output detection systems due to its simple detection and significant performance. Although, these approaches involve inversion of a matrix computation whose matrix dimension depend on number of subcarriers used in the system, mainly, it can be few thousands. In practical detection, the computational complexity of matrix inversion becomes very high. Also, the complexity of the receiver is raised because of the superposition of all the transmitted signals at each antenna received in the systems. The proposed conjugate gradient approach reduces the higher computational overhead of linear detectors, which updates iteratively the ZF and MMSE solution and avoids the direct computation of matrix inverse operation. The analysis of the proposed algorithm reveals the superior performance and the low complexity detection in spatial multiplexing SC-FDMA system. Simulations have investigated that the computational complexity of the proposed method has been greatly reduced and bit-error-rate performance is closer to matched filter bound.

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Correspondence to K. Selvaraj.

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Selvaraj, K., Judson, D., Ganeshkumar, P. et al. Low Complexity Linear Detection for Uplink Multiuser MIMO SC-FDMA Systems. Wireless Pers Commun (2020).

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  • ZF
  • MMSE
  • MIMO
  • Spatial multiplexing
  • Conjugate gradient