Advertisement

Wireless Communication as a Reshaping Tool for Internet of Things (IoT) and Internet of Underwater Things (IoUT) Business in Pakistan: A Technical and Financial Review

  • Syed Sajjad Hussain RizviEmail author
  • Muhammad Zubair
  • Jawwad Ahmad
  • Manzoor Hashmani
  • Muhammad Waqar Khan
Article
  • 30 Downloads

Abstract

Pakistan is one of the growing nations, specifically in the field of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). During the last decade, an intense rise in the adaptation of ICT has been observed in all the major cities of Pakistan. This includes, but not limited to, e-commerce, mobile technology, computer communication networks, embedded systems, software engineering, etc. Due to the resource constraints, Pakistan is not the producer of any technology; however, it is a potential consumer of numerous technologies and their products. It therefore, attracts most of the producers around the globe to invest in the technology business in Pakistan. According to the Board of Investment (BOI) Pakistan, the country has received more than US$5.7 billion during the last decade as the foreign investment in IT and Telecommunication sectors only. Moreover, it has more than 140 million cellular subscribers, around 45 million 3G/4G subscribers, more than 3 million fixed local line subscribers and approximately 48 million broadband subscribers [1]. Likewise, Pakistan is also one of the biggest buyers of Consumer Electronics (CE). Very few of the local companies are producing CE products, however, a major share of the CE market has been captured by the international brands of China, Japan, Korea, USA, Germany, etc. In the light of the facts, it can be inferred that the application of ICT such as the Internet of Things (IoT) and Internet of Underwater Things (IoUT) in consumer electronics has the strong potential in shaping a new dimension of CE business in Pakistan. Moreover, the recent literature has strongly advocated for the scope of 5G IoT/IoUT. This is due to the fact that existing communication infrastructure will not be sufficient to handle modern day IoT/IoUT need. In this article, a comprehensive study on the scope of IoT/IoUT enabled consumer electronics business is presented. In addition, the rationale of 5G IoT/IoUT integration in the developing countries like Pakistan is discussed. Moreover, the threats and opportunities in the business of IoT/IoUT enabled CE devices are also been presented. Finally, this study submits the recommendations to establish IoT/IoUT enabled CE business in Pakistan.

Keywords

Information and communication technology Consumer electronics Pakistan as the IOT and IoUT market Foreign investment in ICT 5G IoT in Pakistan IoUT Next generation network in Pakistan 

Notes

References

  1. 1.
    Pakistan Telecommunication Authority, Annual Report 2016–2018.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mujahid, Y.H. (2002). Digital opportunity initiative for Pakistan. The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries,8, 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pakistan ICT Indicator Survey 2014, Pakistan National ICT R&D organization.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kazmi, S.N.A., & Irfan M. (2009). A methodology of identifying factors influencing foreign direct investment in ICT industry. In international conference on computers & industrial engineering, CIE 2009, IEEE.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Borensztein, E., De Gregorio, J., & Lee, J.W. (1998). How does foreign direct investment affect economic growth? Journal of International Economics,45(1), 115–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    BMI Research report Pakistan Consumer Electronics Report: Providing expert analysis, independent forecasts and competitive intelligence on the consumer electronics industry BMI Research—A Fitch Group Company +44 (0) 207 246 1374 bmi@bmiresearch.com bmiresearch.com.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Information and Communication Technology, Research and Development (ICT R&D), Pakistan.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Domingo, M.C. (2012). An overview of the internet of underwater things. Journal of Network and Computer Applications,35, 1879–1890.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Xu, M., & Liu, L. (2016). Sender–receiver role-based energy-aware scheduling for internet of underwater things. IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computing,7, 324–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhou, Z., Yao, B., Xing, R., Shu, L., & Bu, S. (2016). E-CARP: An energy efficient routing protocol for UWSNs in the internet of underwater things. IEEE Sensors Journal,16, 4072–4082.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Berlian, M.H., Sahputra, T.E.R., Ardi, B.J.W., Dzatmika, L.W., Besari, A.R.A., Sudibyo, R.W., & Sukaridhoto, S. (2016). Design and implementation of smart environment monitoring and analytics in real-time system framework based on internet of underwater things and big data. In proceedings of the IEEE international electronics symposium (IES), Bali, Indonesia, 29–30 Sept 2016.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fang, S., Xu, L.D., Zhu, Y., Ahati, J., Pei, H., & Yan, J., et al. (2014). An integrated system for regional environmental monitoring and management based on internet of things. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics,10, 1596–1605.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kao, C.C., Lin, Y.S., G.D., Wu, & Huang, C.J. (2017). A comprehensive study on the internet of underwater things: applications, challenges, and channel models. Sensors,17, 1477.  https://doi.org/10.3390/s17071477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Telecommunication user and infrastructure: PTA annual review 2017.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mavromoustakis, C.X., Mastorakis, G., & Batalla, J.M. (Eds.). (2016). Internet of Things (IoT) in 5G mobile technologies (Vol. 8). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rahimi, H., Zibaeenejad, A., & Safavi, A.A. (2018). A novel IoT architecture based on 5G-IoT and next generation technologies. arXiv preprint arXiv:1807.03065.
  17. 17.
    Skouby, K.E, & Lynggaard, P. (2014). Smart home and smart city solutions enabled by 5G, IoT, AAI and CoT services. In 2014 international conference on contemporary computing and informatics (IC3I), IEEE.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    i-scoop.EU, Digital Business, and Transformation hub, report.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gartner End-User Survey at Egham, UK, on August 9, 2017.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rahimi, H., Zibaeenejad, A., & Safavi A.A. (2018). A novel IoT architecture based on 5G-IoT and next generation technologies. arXiv preprint arXiv:1807.03065 .
  21. 21.
    Cirani, S., et al. (2014). A scalable and self-configuring architecture for service discovery in the internet of things. IEEE Internet of Things Journal,1(5), 508–521.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Tsai, C.-W., Lai, C.-F., & Vasilakos, A.V. (2014). Future internet of things: open issues and challenges. Wireless Networks,20(8), 2201–2217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zhang, D., et al. (2016). One integrated energy efficiency proposal for 5G IoT communications. IEEE Internet of Things Journal,3(6), 1346–1354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Qin, Z., et al. (2014). A software defined networking architecture for the internet-of-things. In network operations and management symposium (NOMS), 2014 IEEE.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wan, J., et al. (2016). Software-defined industrial internet of things in the context of industry 4.0. IEEE Sensors Journal,16(20), 7373–7380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Matias, J., et al. (2015). Toward an SDN-enabled NFV architecture. IEEE Communications Magazine,53(4), 187–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Krafzig, D., Banke, K., & Slama, D. (2005). Enterprise SOA: service-oriented architecture best practices. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall Professional.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Cheng, B., et al. (2016). Situation-aware IoT service coordination using the event-driven SOA paradigm. IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management,13(2), 349–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Li, S., Da, Xu L, & Zhao, S. (2015). The internet of things: a survey. Information Systems Frontiers,17(2), 243–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Alam, K.M., Saini, M., & Saddik, A.El. (2015). Toward social internet of vehicles: concept, architecture, and applications. IEEE Access,3, 343–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Saleem, Y., et al. (2016). Exploitation of social IoT for recommendation services. In 2016 IEEE 3rd World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT), IEEE.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Lee, H., Kwon, J. (2015). Survey and analysis of information sharing in social IoT. In 2015 8th international conference on disaster recovery and business continuity (DRBC), IEEE.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Nunna, S., et al. (2015). Enabling real-time context-aware collaboration through 5G and mobile edge computing. 2015 12th international conference on information technology-new generations (ITNG). IEEE, 2015.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Condoluci, M., et al. (2018). 5G IoT industry verticals and network requirements (pp. 148–175)., Powering the internet of things with 5G networks Hershey: IGI Global.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Latif, S., et al. (2017). How 5G (and concomitant technologies) will revolutionize healthcare. arXiv preprint arXiv:1708.08746.
  36. 36.
    Taori, R., & Sridharan, A. (2015). Point-to-multipoint in-band mmwave backhaul for 5G networks. IEEE Communications Magazine,53(1), 195–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Centenaro, M., et al. (2016). Long-range communications in unlicensed bands: The rising stars in the IoT and smart city scenarios. IEEE Wireless Communications,23(5), 60–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Xu, L., Collier, R., & O’Hare, G. M. P. (2017). A survey of clustering techniques in WSNs and consideration of the challenges of applying such to 5G IoT scenarios. IEEE Internet of Things Journal,4(5), 1229–1249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Li, S., Da, Xu L, & Zhao, S. (2018). 5G internet of things: a survey. Journal of Industrial Information Integration,10, 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Costanzo, A., & Masotti, D. (2017). Energizing 5G: near-and far-field wireless energy and data trantransfer as an enabling technology for the 5G IoT. IEEE Microwave Magazine,18(3), 125–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Syed Sajjad Hussain Rizvi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Muhammad Zubair
    • 2
  • Jawwad Ahmad
    • 3
  • Manzoor Hashmani
    • 4
  • Muhammad Waqar Khan
    • 5
  1. 1.Hamdard UniversityKarachiPakistan
  2. 2.IQRA UniversityKarachiPakistan
  3. 3.Usman Institute of TechnologyKarachiPakistan
  4. 4.University Technology PETRONASSeri IskandarMalaysia
  5. 5.Institute of Business ManagementKarachiPakistan

Personalised recommendations