Gaining Insight into Sustainable Telecommunications Infrastructure: A Case of Aerosol Retention over Sokoto, Nigeria

  • Moses E. EmetereEmail author
  • Patience Tunji-Olayeni
  • Samuel E. Sanni


The current state of aerosols retention and loading over West Africa requires urgent consideration to avert environmental disaster which include telecommunication degeneration. Research show that atmospheric aerosol leads to high light signal absorption. In this paper it is proposed that atmospheric aerosols are impactful on tropospheric radio wave propagation at a certain aerosol loading condition. Sokoto, Nigeria was considered because of its proximity to Sahara Desert. It is located on longitude 5.15°E and latitude 15.05°N on the sahelian plain. Analytical and statistical model were used to estimate the aerosols retention and loading respectively. The chaotic solution of the particulate influence on signal was numerically proven. Aerosols retention and loading effect on surface temperature was significant. The speed of the particulate distribution clearly show that atmospheric aerosols are impactful on tropospheric radio wave propagation. It was observed that tropospheric radio wave propagation depends on the volume of aerosols loading not on the attenuation due to particulate velocities. Hence, the continued signal attenuation of tropospheric radio wave propagation due to atmospheric aerosols in high prone areas must be considered during signal budgeting.


Telecommunication Aerosols Pollution Aerosol optical depth Environment 



The author appreciates the partial sponsorship of Covenant University. The authors declare no competition interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Moses E. Emetere
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • Patience Tunji-Olayeni
    • 2
  • Samuel E. Sanni
    • 3
  1. 1.Physics DepartmentCovenant UniversityOtaNigeria
  2. 2.Building Technology DepartmentCovenant UniversityOtaNigeria
  3. 3.Chemical Engineering DepartmentCovenant UniversityOtaNigeria
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa

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