Advertisement

Gaining Insight into Sustainable Telecommunications Infrastructure: A Case of Aerosol Retention over Sokoto, Nigeria

  • Moses E. EmetereEmail author
  • Patience Tunji-Olayeni
  • Samuel E. Sanni
Article
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

The current state of aerosols retention and loading over West Africa requires urgent consideration to avert environmental disaster which include telecommunication degeneration. Research show that atmospheric aerosol leads to high light signal absorption. In this paper it is proposed that atmospheric aerosols are impactful on tropospheric radio wave propagation at a certain aerosol loading condition. Sokoto, Nigeria was considered because of its proximity to Sahara Desert. It is located on longitude 5.15°E and latitude 15.05°N on the sahelian plain. Analytical and statistical model were used to estimate the aerosols retention and loading respectively. The chaotic solution of the particulate influence on signal was numerically proven. Aerosols retention and loading effect on surface temperature was significant. The speed of the particulate distribution clearly show that atmospheric aerosols are impactful on tropospheric radio wave propagation. It was observed that tropospheric radio wave propagation depends on the volume of aerosols loading not on the attenuation due to particulate velocities. Hence, the continued signal attenuation of tropospheric radio wave propagation due to atmospheric aerosols in high prone areas must be considered during signal budgeting.

Keywords

Telecommunication Aerosols Pollution Aerosol optical depth Environment 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author appreciates the partial sponsorship of Covenant University. The authors declare no competition interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Aigbokhan, B. E. (1999). Fiscal federalism and economic growth in Nigeria. In Fiscal Federalism and Nigeria’s Economic development. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Nigerian Economic Society, pp. 333–352.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Emetere, M. E., Akinyemi, M. L., & Akinojo, O. (2015). Parametric retrieval model for estimating aerosol size distribution via the AERONET, LAGOS station. Environmental Pollution, 207(C), 381–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Emetere, M. E., Akinyemi, M. L., & Akin-Ojo, O. (2015). Aerosol optical depth trends over different regions of Nigeria: Thirteen years analysis. Modern Applied Science, 9(9), 267–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Emetere, M. E., & Akinyemi, M. L. (2013). Modeling of generic air pollution dispersion analysis from cement factory. Analele Universitatii din Oradea-Seria Geografie, 23(1), 181–189.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fan, F., & Liu, R. (2018). Exploration of spatial and temporal characteristics of PM2. 5 concentration in Guangzhou, China using wavelet analysis and modified land use regression model. Geo-spatial Information Science, 21(4):311–321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Financial Watch. (2016). Retrieved from www.financialwatchngr.comon 21/10/2016. Telecommunications 8% GDP contribution reinforces calls for diversification of Nigeria’s economy.
  7. 7.
    Gettelman, A., & Chen, C. (2013). The climate impact of aviation aerosols. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 1–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hao, M., Zhang, J., Niu, R., et al. (2018). Application of BeiDou navigation satellite system in emergency rescue of natural hazards: a case study for field geological survey of Qinghai−Tibet plateau. Geo-spatial Information Science, 21(4):294–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jackson, D. (2016). Retrieved Jan 12, 2016 from http://urgentcomm.com/topics/rebanding.
  10. 10.
    Leck, C., & Svensson, E. (2015). Importance of aerosol composition and mixing state for cloud droplet activation over the Arctic pack ice in summer. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15, 2545–2568.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Liu, S., Chen, M., & Zhuang, Q. (2014). Aerosol effects on global land surface energy fluxes during 2003–2010. Geophysical Research Letters, 41, 7875–7881.  https://doi.org/10.1002/2014gl061640.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lindén, J., Thorsson, S., Boman, R., & Holmer, B. (2012). Urban climate and air pollution in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso: An overview of results from five field studies. University of Gothenburg. http://hdl.handle.net/2077/34289.
  13. 13.
    Wyzga, Ronald E., & Folinsbee, Lawrence J. (1995). Health effects of acid aerosols. Water, Air, and Soil pollution, 85(1), 177–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ramanathan, V., & Feng, Y. (2009). Air pollution, greenhouse gases and climate change: Global and regional perspectives. Atmospheric Environment, 43, 37–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tella, S. A., Amaghionyeodiwe, L. A., & Adesoye B. A. (2007). Telecommunications infrastructure and economic growth: Evidence from Nigeria. A Paper Submitted for the Un-Idep and Afea Joint Conference on “Sector-Led Growth in Africa and Implications for Development” Dakar, Senegal, 8–11 November 2007.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Teller, A., & Levin, Z. (2006). The effects of aerosols on precipitation and dimensions of subtropical clouds: A sensitivity study using a numerical cloud model. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 6, 67–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    THISDAYLIVE. (2016). Conflicting signals in Telecoms Regulation. Retrieved June 12, 2018 from https://www.thisdaylive.com/index.php/2016/09/22/conflicting-signals-in-telecoms-regulation/.
  18. 18.
    Verheggen, B., & Weijers, E. P. (2009). Climate change and the impact of aerosol: A literature review. https://www.ecn.nl/publications/ECN-E–09-095.
  19. 19.
    World Population Review. Retrieved October 21, 2016 from www.worldpopultionreview.com. Nigeria’s Population in 2016.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Moses E. Emetere
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • Patience Tunji-Olayeni
    • 2
  • Samuel E. Sanni
    • 3
  1. 1.Physics DepartmentCovenant UniversityOtaNigeria
  2. 2.Building Technology DepartmentCovenant UniversityOtaNigeria
  3. 3.Chemical Engineering DepartmentCovenant UniversityOtaNigeria
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations