Advertisement

Analytical and Experimental Investigation of Ultra Wideband Channel Characteristics in the Presence of Door/Window Glass

  • 22 Accesses

Abstract

This paper presents ultra-wideband channel characteristics in the presence of float glass slab as obstacle of varied thickness (4 mm, 8 mm, 12 mm, 19 mm) in an indoor environment. Two different sets of measurements are performed related to variation in the Tx–Rx antenna position and rotation of the glass slab at angles varying from 0° to 90° to mimic the glass door/window movement. The channel characterization of various Tx–Rx links are carried out by analyzing various parameters such as RMS delay spread, peak magnitude of the power delay profile and received signal amplitude. Different direct path, partial and total obstructed path situations are observed depending on the position of the Rx antenna, rotation angle of the glass slab and also the position of the Tx–Rx antennas with respect to the glass slab. Results indicate higher multipath and RMS delay spread for glass edge scattering and direct through glass propagation. Decrease in signal strength is more prominent for 12/19 mm glass thickness in comparison to 4 mm glass sheets for partial NLOS and NLOS scenarios. For LOS situations, channel parameters for various glass thickness show similar range of values and are comparable with the scenario when no-glass in present.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 199

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14

References

  1. 1.

    Greenstein, L. J., Ghassemzadeh, S. S., Hong, S. C., & Tarokh, V. (2007). Comparison study of UWB indoor channel models. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communication,6(1), 128–135.

  2. 2.

    Bharadwaj, R., Alomainy, A. & Parini, C. (2013). Experimental investigation of efficient ultra wideband localisation techniques in the indoor environment. In 2013 Antennas and propagation conference (LAPC), UK, Loughborough (pp. 486–489).

  3. 3.

    Silva, B., & Hancke, G. P. (2016). IR-UWB-based non-line-of-sight identification in harsh environments: Principles and challenges. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics,12(3), 1188–1195.

  4. 4.

    Mahfouz, M. R., Zhang, C., Merkl, B. C., Kuhn, M. J., & Fathy, A. E. (2008). Investigation of high-accuracy indoor 3-D positioning using UWB technology. IEEE Transaction in Microwave Theory Technology,56(6), 1316–1330.

  5. 5.

    Bharadwaj, R., Parini, C., & Alomainy, A. (2014). Ultrawideband-based 3-D localization using compact base-station configurations. IEEE Antennas Wireless Propagation Letters,13(221–224), 2014.

  6. 6.

    Huang, Q., Qu, L., Wu, B., & Fang, G. (2010). UWB through-wall imaging based on compressive sensing. IEEE Transactions Geoscience and Remote Sensing,48(3), 1408–1415.

  7. 7.

    Ye, T., Walsh, M., Haigh, P., Barton, J. & O’Flynn, B. (2011). Experimental impulse radio IEEE 802.15.4a UWB based wireless sensor localization technology: Characterization, reliability and ranging. In 22nd IET irish signals and systems conference, Dublin, Ireland (pp. 1–7).

  8. 8.

    Ghassemzadeh, S. S., Greenstein, L. J., Sveinsson, T., Kavcic, A., & Tarokh, V. (2005). UWB delay profile models for residential and commercial indoor environments. IEEE Transactions Vehicular Technology,54(4), 1235–1244.

  9. 9.

    Moghimi, A. R., Tsai, H., Saraydar, C. U., & Tonguz, O. K. (2009). Characterizing intra-car wireless channels. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology,58(9), 5299–5305.

  10. 10.

    Chiu, S., & Michelson, D. G. (2010). Effect of human presence on UWB radiowave propagation within the passenger cabin of a midsize airliner. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation,58(3), 917–926.

  11. 11.

    Sun, Z., & Akyildiz, I. F. (2010). Channel modeling and analysis for wireless networks in underground mines and road tunnels. IEEE Transaction on Communications,58(6), 1758–1768.

  12. 12.

    Chehri, A., Fortier, P., & Tardif, M. P. (2012). Characterization of the ultrawideband channel in confined environments with diffracting rough surfaces. Wireless Personal Communications,64(2), 859–877.

  13. 13.

    Ramesh, C., & Vaidehi, V. (2007). Performance analysis of UWB channels for wireless personal area networks. Wireless Personal Communications,4, 169–178.

  14. 14.

    Goulianos, A. A., Brown, T. W. C., Evans, B. G., & Stavrou, S. (2009). Wideband power modeling and time dispersion analysis for UWB indoor off-body communications. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation,57(7), 2162–2171.

  15. 15.

    Alomainy, A., Sani, A., Rahman, A., Santas, J. G., & Hao, Yang. (2009). Transient characteristics of wearable antennas and radio propagation channels for ultrawideband body-centric wireless communications. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation,57(4), 875–884.

  16. 16.

    Bharadwaj, R., Parini, C., & Alomainy, A. (2015). Experimental investigation of 3-D human body localization using wearable ultra-wideband antennas. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation,63(11), 5035–5044.

  17. 17.

    Ghassemzadeh, S. S., Greenstein, L. J., Kavcic, A., & Tarokh, T. (2003). An empirical indoor path loss model for ultra-wideband channels. Journal of Communications and Networks,5(4), 303–308.

  18. 18.

    Wong, S. S. M., Lau, F. C. M. & Tse, C. K. (2006). Propagation characteristics of UWB radio in a high-rise apartment. In 2006 8th international conference advanced communication technology, Phoenix Park (pp. 5–918).

  19. 19.

    Li, S., Liu, Y., Zhang, X. & Wang, G. (2016). Simulation and analysis of UWB propagation characteristics in the indoor non-line-of-sight environment. In 2016 IEEE International conference on computational electromagnetics (ICCEM), Guangzhou (pp. 135–137).

  20. 20.

    Lee, J. Y. & Choi, S. (2004). Through-material propagation characteristic and time resolution of UWB signal. In 2004 International workshop on ultra wideband systems joint with conference on ultra wideband systems and technologies. Joint UWBST and IWUWBS, Kyoto, Japan (pp. 71–75).

  21. 21.

    Wen, K., Yu, K. & Li, Y. (2017). NLOS identification and compensation for UWB ranging based on obstruction classification. In 2017 25th European signal processing conference (EUSIPCO), Kos (pp. 2704–2708).

  22. 22.

    Ahmadi-Shokouh, J., & Qiu, R. C. (2009). Ultra-wideband (UWB) communications channel measurements: A tutorial review. International Journal of Ultra Wideband Communications and Systems,1(1), 11–31.

  23. 23.

    Architectural Glass. Retrieved September 1, 2018, from http://www.modiguard.co.in/architectural-glass.html.

  24. 24.

    Float glass. The standard for over 50 years. Retrieved September 1, 2018, from https://www.windows24.com/windows/glazing/float-glass.php.

  25. 25.

    Bharadwaj, R. & Koul, S. K. (2017). Numerical study and analysis of ultra-wideband signal propagation through rotating glass door. In Asia-Pacific conference on antennas and propagation, Xi’an, China (pp. 1–3).

  26. 26.

    Bharadwaj, R. & Koul, S. K. (2017). Study and analysis of ultra wideband through glass propagation channel characteristics. In IEEE international conference on wireless and mobile computing, networking and communication, Rome, Italy (pp. 1–5).

  27. 27.

    Rahman, A., Alomainy, A., & Hao, Y. (2007). Compact body-worn coplanar waveguide fed antenna for UWB body-centric wireless communications. In Proceedings of European conference on antennas and propagation, Edinburgh, UK (pp. 1–4).

  28. 28.

    Antrisu. Retrieved September 1, 2018, from https://www.anritsu.com/en-IN/testmeasurement/products/ms22028c.

  29. 29.

    Dielectric materials chart: ECCOSTOCK® low loss dielectrics and other common materials. Retrieved September 1, 2018, from http://www.eccosorb.com/Collateral/Documents/English-US/dielectric-chart.pdf.

  30. 30.

    Glass physical properties. Retrieved September 1, 2018, from https://www.viridianglass.com/-/media/viridianglass/files/downloads/brochures/glass-physical-properties.pdf.

  31. 31.

    Guvenc, I. & Sahinoglu, Z. (2005). Threshold-based TOA estimation for impulse radio UWB systems. In Proceeding of IEEE international conference on ultra-wideband, Zurich, Switzerland (pp. 420–425).

  32. 32.

    Rappaport, T. S. (1996). Wireless communications principles and practice. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall Inc.

  33. 33.

    Gezici, S., & Poor, H. V. (2009). Position estimation via ultra-wide-band signals. Proceedings of the IEEE,97(2), 386–403.

  34. 34.

    Bharadwaj, R., Swaisaenyakorn, S., Parini, C. G., Batchelor, J., & Alomainy, A. (2014). Localization of wearable ultrawideband antennas for motion capture applications. IEEE Antennas Wireless Propagation Letters,13, 507–510.

  35. 35.

    Lamensdorf, D., & Susman, L. (1994). Baseband-pulse-antenna techniques. IEEE Antennas Propagation Magazine,36(1), 20–30.

  36. 36.

    Bharadwaj, R., Parini, C., & Alomainy, A. (2016). Analytical and experimental investigations on ultrawideband pulse width and shape effect on the accuracy of 3-D localization. IEEE Antennas Wireless Propagation Letters,15, 1116–1119.

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge SERB-National Post Doctoral Grant for the financial support.

Author information

Correspondence to Richa Bharadwaj.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Bharadwaj, R., Koul, S.K. Analytical and Experimental Investigation of Ultra Wideband Channel Characteristics in the Presence of Door/Window Glass. Wireless Pers Commun 110, 763–780 (2020) doi:10.1007/s11277-019-06753-9

Download citation

Keywords

  • Ultra-wideband
  • Channel characterization
  • Antennas
  • Time of arrival