MCPCN: Multi-hop Clustering Protocol Using Cache Nodes in WSN

  • Kiranpreet Kaur
  • Ridhi KapoorEmail author


Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are becoming an imminent result for industrialization, tracking and various other applications. Sensor nodes are deployed in the area with restricted power. These sensors are cheap, easily understandable and their power sources are irreplaceable after deployment. After distribution, these nodes are left neglected. This boosts the consequences of developing energy efficient algorithms which are able to expanding the lifespan of network by absorbing less energy while dealing with operations. A novel approach Multi-hop Clustering Protocol using cache nodes (MCPCN) for heterogeneous WSNs is presented in this paper. MCPCN is constructed to form effective clusters with less cluster head count than an optimal evaluation and uses multi-hop conversation with cache nodes to exchange information with the base station. This novel way makes our network more beneficial in terms of increasing life of network and inclusion of sensors with no supplementary cost. By deploying MCPCN in designed network, the outcomes shows the auspicious results for enhancing the life-span of the nodes when compared with multi hopping using gateways and without gateways.


Cache nodes Wireless sensor network Multi-hop communication Clustering LEACH 



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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DAV UniversityJalandharIndia

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