SMEER: Secure Multi-tier Energy Efficient Routing Protocol for Hierarchical Wireless Sensor Networks

  • Geetika DhandEmail author
  • S. S. Tyagi


Energy consumption and the secure transmission are the increasing fields of research challenge in wireless sensor network (WSN) applications. Heterogeneous WSN is an efficient network strategy that has sensor nodes with different processing, memory power, and transmission capacity. In order to provide effective transmission for this type of network, clustering associated with secure routing is enabled to transfer the data packets safely to the endpoint. Data gathering and clustering help to group the network and control transmission overhead during data transmission. Hybridization of K-means clustering algorithm with Ant Lion Optimizer for grouping of nodes and optimal CH selection is utilized for better energy efficiency. Thus, a Miscegenation of Ant Lion optimizer within K-means for clustering and Spherical grid based multi-curve Elliptic curve cryptographic routing (MALOKSER) is determined for effective clustering and secure routing of data packets within time to the base station. The main aim of our work is to enhance network security and energy savage in the wireless network communication system. Elliptic curve cryptography with spherical grid multi-tier routing ensure secure transmission by encrypting the messages with two different keys and forward the packets in a spherical format. The performance is evaluated under metrics such as packet deliver ratio, minimum energy consumptions, communication overheads, throughput and end to end delay with the existing standards shows better results. This proves the proposed technique can actively reduce the energy utilization with an efficient and safe routing of data over the network.


Wireless sensor networks Ant lion optimizer K-means clustering algorithm Elliptic curve cryptographic Security enhancement Key generation 



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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CSEManav Rachna International Institute of Research and StudiesFaridabadIndia

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