Advertisement

Recent Advances in MAC Protocols for the Energy Harvesting Based WSN: A Comprehensive Review

  • Pardeep Kaur
  • B. S. Sohi
  • Preeti Singh
Article
  • 11 Downloads

Abstract

Wireless sensor networks are catching the attention of the researchers in various fields like structural, healthcare monitoring, but the real world adoption is getting difficult due to its dependence on the battery power, so energy harvesting comes to its rescue. To utilize the harvested energy in the best manner, MAC protocols which control the transreceiver in a node are presented here. They are different from the battery powered WSN where the focus is on increasing the lifetime of the nodes, rather these protocols focus on improving the quality of the network. With optimal tradeoff between the infinite network lifetime and energy availability, MAC protocols need to be redesigned for energy harvesting based wireless sensor networks (EHWSN). In this paper first EH technology in wireless sensor networks is discussed. Then a survey of EH based MAC protocols is done in a classified manner. The comparison of the protocols is done based on the different metrics such as energy conservation factor, scalability, latency etc. State of the art literature survey is presented so that users have consolidated data to pick up the one based on their application requirement. Challenges specific to applications is presented along with the various gaps to give an insight into the future research directions. To the best of the author’s knowledge, review of all the EHWSN MAC protocols is not reported till date.

Keywords

Energy harvesting Medium access protocols Sensor nodes 

Notes

References

  1. 1.
    Fafoutis, X., Di Mauro, A., Vithanage, M. D., & Dragoni, N. (2015). Receiver-initiated medium access control protocols for wireless sensor networks. Computer Networks, 76, 55–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fafoutis, X., & Dragoni, N. (2012). Analytical comparison of MAC schemes for energy harvesting wireless sensor networks. In Proceedings 9th international conference on networked sensing systems (INSS) (pp. 1–6).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    More, A., & Raisinghani, V. (2017). A node failure and battery-aware coverage protocol for wireless sensor networks. Computers & Electrical Engineering, 64, 200–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yoo, H., Shim, M., & Kim, D. (2012). Dynamic duty-cycle scheduling schemes for energy-harvesting wireless sensor networks. IEEE Communications Letters, 16(2), 202–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cirstea, C., Cernaianu, M.,& Gontean, A. (2012). Packet loss analysis in wireless sensor networks routing protocols. In 2012 35th international conference telecommunication signal processing (pp. 37–41), January 2016.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ramezani, P. (2015). Overview of MAC protocols for energy harvesting wireless sensor networks. In IEEE 26th international symposium on “personal, indoor and mobile radio communications (PIMRC): Mobile and wireless networks overview” (pp. 2032–2037).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Del Testa, D., Marin, G., & Peretti, G. (2013). Comparison of MAC techniques for energy harvesting wireless sensor networks. Wireless systems and networks, March 2013.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kosunalp, S. (2015). MAC Protocols for Energy Harvesting Wireless Sensor Networks: Survey. ETRI Journal, 37(4), 804–812.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tan, L., & Tang, S. (2017). Energy harvesting wireless sensor node with temporal death: Novel models and analyses. IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., 25(2), 896–909.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tang, S., & Tan, L. (2017). Reward Rate Maximization and Optimal Transmission Policy of EH Device With Temporal Death in EH-WSNs. IEE Trans. Wirel. Commun., 16(2), 1157–1167.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Eu, Z. A., Tan, H.-P., & Seah, W. K. G. (2011). Design and performance analysis of MAC schemes for Wireless Sensor Networks Powered by Ambient Energy Harvesting. Ad Hoc Networks, 9(3), 300–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fujii, C. & Seah, W. K. G. (2011). Multi-tier probabilistic polling in Wireless Sensor Networks powered by energy harvesting. In Proceedings of the 2011 7th International Conference on Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information Processing, ISSNIP (pp. 383–388).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fafoutis, X., & Dragoni, N. (2011). ODMAC : An on-demand MAC protocol for energy harvesting—wireless sensor networks. In Proceedings of the 8th ACM symposium on Performance evaluation of wireless ad hoc, sensor, and ubiquitous networks (pp. 49–56).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Amgoth, T., & Jana, P. K. (2015). Energy-aware algorithm for wireless sensor networks. Computers & Electrical Engineering, 41, 357–367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kim, S. C., Jeon, J. H., & Park, H. J. (2012). QoS aware energy-efficient (QAEE) MAC protocol for energy harvesting wireless sensor networks. In G. Lee, D. Howard, J. J. Kang & D. Ślęzak (Eds.), Convergence and hybrid information technology. ICHIT 2012. Lecture notes in computer science (Vol. 7425). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Eu, Z. A., & Tan, H. P. (2012). Probabilistic polling for multi-hop energy harvesting wireless sensor networks. IEEE international conference on communications (ICC) (pp. 271–275).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fafoutis, X., & Dragoni, N. (2012). Adaptive media access control for energy harvesting—Wireless sensor networks. In Proceedings of 9th international. conference on networked sensor systems (pp. 1–4).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jha, M. K., Pandey, A. K., Pal, D., & Mohan, A. (2011). An energy-efficient multi-layer MAC (ML-MAC) protocol for wireless sensor networks. AEU-International Journal of Electronics and Communications, 5(3), 209–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Adnan, M. T., & Datta, S. (2013). AdAMAC: A new MAC protocol for high traffic wireless netwoRks. Procedia Computer Science, 19, 313–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Nergy, H. A. E., Mac, D., Lee, H., Lee, M., & Lee, T. (2015). Harvested energy-adaptive mac protocol for energy harvesting IoT networks. In IEEE 7th international conference on networks & communications (pp. 51–58).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Nguyen, K., Nguyen, V., Le, D., Ji, Y., Duong, D. A., & Yamada, S. (2014). ERI-MAC : An energy-harvested receiver-initiated MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks. International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, 2014, 1–8.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lin, H. H., Shih, M. J., Wei, H. Y., & Vannithamby, R. (2014). DeepSleep: IEEE 802.11 enhancement for energy-harvesting machine-to-machine communications. Wireless Networks, 21(2), 357–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Liu, H., He, W., & Seah, W. K. G. (2014). LEB-MAC : Load and energy balancing MAC protocol for energy harvesting powered wireless sensor networks. In IEEE international conference on parallel and distributed systems (ICPADS), December 2014.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Seah, W. K. G., Seah, W. K. G., Eu, Z. A., & Tan, H. (2009). Wireless Sensor Networks Powered by Ambient Energy Harvesting (WSN-HEAP) - Survey and Challenges. Wireless VITAE, Aalborg, Denmark, 17–20, 1–5.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Jin,Y.,& Tan, H. P. (2014). Optimal performance trade-offs in MAC for wireless sensor networks powered by heterogeneous ambient energy harvesting. In FIP networking conference. Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Oller, J., Demirkol, I., Casademont, J., Paradells, J., Gamm, G. U., & Reindl, L. (2016). Has Time Come to Switch From Duty-Cycled MAC Protocols to Wake-Up Radio for Wireless Sensor Networks? IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, 24(2), 674–687.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Liu, W., Zhou, X., Durrani, S., Mehrpouyan, H., & Blostein, S. D. (2016). Energy harvesting wireless sensor networks: Delay analysis considering energy costs of sensing and transmission. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communication, 15(7), 4635–4650.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Razaque, A., & Elleithy, K. (2014). Energy-efficient boarder node medium access control protocol for wireless sensor networks. Sensors, 14(3), 5074–5117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Felemban, E., & Sheikh, A. A. (2014). A review on mobile and sensor networks innovations in intelligent transportation systems. Journal of Transportation Technologies, 4(July), 196–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Vogt, H. (2009). Protocols for secure communication in wireless sensor networks. Ph.D. thesis, Swiss Fed. Inst. Technol., Zurich.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Chen, W., Chen, L., Chen, Z., & Tu, S. (2006). WITS: A wireless sensor network for intelligent transportation system. In 1st international multi-symposiums on computer and computational sciences (pp. 635–641).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Yi, J. M., Kang, M. J., & Noh, D. K. (2015). SolarCastalia: Solar energy harvesting wireless sensor network simulator. International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, 2015, 415174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Ozel, O., Tutuncuoglu, K., Ulukus, S., & Yener, A. (2015). Fundamental limits of energy harvesting communications. IEEE Communications Magazine, 53(4), 126–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chandigarh UniversityGharuanIndia
  2. 2.UIET, Panjab UniversityChandigarhIndia

Personalised recommendations