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Semantic Representation for Communication Between Human and Wireless Robot

  • Chuho Yi
  • Jungwon Cho
  • Il Hong Suh
Article
  • 13 Downloads

Abstract

We have developed a human-navigation-inspired and semantic map-building for communication between human and wireless robots. Four human navigation strategies (dead reckoning, egocentric place recognition, and reorientation) are integrated in our proposed method as an egocentric-semantic topology representation, egocentric measurement representation, and reorientation rules, respectively. In experiments, we successfully created a semantic representation and estimated the location of the robot by changing inaccurate distance and angle to approximate measurements using our proposed computing method. Semantic representation building took place in a 14 × 26.5 m corridor. The proposed method enables a robot to navigate effectively in a service environment using navigation schemes inspired by humans and their actions.

Keywords

Semantic mapping Communication (HRI) Wireless robot 

List of symbols

\({{\uprho }}, {{\upomega }}, {{\upzeta }}\)

Measured distance and angle to landmark and measured angle between landmarks

\(s^{\rho } , s^{\omega } , s^{\zeta }\)

Spatial landmark relations: distance and angle to landmarks and angle between landmarks transformed by the symbolizing function for the spatial relation

\({{ }^{i}}v\)

Node \(i\) as a egocentric-topological robot location

\({{ }^{i}}{S_{a,b}} = \left\{ {{{ }^{i}}s_{a}^{\rho } ,{{ }^{i}}s_{a}^{\omega } ,{{ }^{i}}s_{a}^{\zeta } } \right\}\)

Spatial landmark relations containing distance and angle to landmark and angle between landmarks in node \(i\)

\({ }^{i,j} S_{v} = \left\{ {{ }^{i,j} s_{v}^{\rho } ,{ }^{i,j} s_{v}^{\omega } } \right\}\)

Spatial node relations containing distance and angle between nodes \(i\) and \(j\)

\(^{i} {{\Theta }}_{oA}\) = \({\texttt{localAxis}}\)(i\({\texttt{oA}}\), iv)

Local coordinate system generated by reference landmark \({\texttt{oA}}\) at node \(i\)

\(^{i} {{\Gamma }} = \{^{i} {{\Theta }}_{{lA \in^{i} O}} ,^{i} {\text{S}}_{a,b} \}_{{a,b \in^{i} O}}\)

Egocentric-semantic topology area \(^{i} O\), the set of landmarks in node \(i\)

\(^{i,j} {{\Psi }} = \{ {{ }^{i}}{{\Theta }}_{{oA \in^{i} O}}^{ } ,{{ }^{i}}{\text{S}}_{v} \}_{i,j \in E}\)

Relative link in the topological representation

\({\text{M}} = \langle \{{{ }^{i}}\Gamma \}_{i \in V} ,\{{ }^{i,j} \Psi \}_{i,j \in E} \rangle\)

Semantic representation

\({{ }^{i}}{X}_{t}^{ } = \left[ {\begin{array}{lll} {{{ }^{i}}x_{t}^{ } } &\quad {{{ }^{i}}y_{t}^{ } } &\quad {{{ }^{i}}\theta_{t}^{ } } \\ \end{array} } \right]^{T}\)

Regional-measured robot location with respect to node \(i\) at time \(t\)

\({{ }^{i}}{{\Omega }}_{t}^{ } = \langle \begin{array}{ll} {{{ }^{i}}v} &\quad {{{ }^{i}}X_{t}^{ } } \\ \end{array} \rangle\)

Robot location on the egocentric-semantic representation

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ElectronicsDong Seoul UniversitySeongnamSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Computer EducationJeju National UniversityJejuSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of Electronics and Computer EngineeringHanyang UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

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