Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 101, Issue 1, pp 181–200 | Cite as

Transmit Precoding Based Low Complexity Codebooks and Finite Feedback Rate for Space Shift Keying MIMO Systems

  • Mohammed Al-AnsiEmail author
  • Syed Alwee Aljunid
  • Essam Sourour


Transmit Precoding (TPC) considerably improves the performance of Space Shift Keying (SSK) systems. Codebook-based TPC is able to tackle several difficulties encountered by non-codebook TPC techniques. Channel State Information (CSI) is required at the receiver only, and the index of the best codeword is easily identified and fed-back from receiver to transmitter with low rate message. Motivated by these advantages, this paper contributes to the codebook-based TPC in the following aspects. First, the paper presents a Factorized form of the Full-Combination (FC) codebook with phase rotation only, and shows that only four phases are needed, which significantly simplifies practical implementation. As a second contribution, the paper introduces two statistically filtered codebooks: Index-Filtration FC and Average-Filtration FC. These codebooks considerably reduce system complexity due to their small codebook size, while maintaining almost the same BER of the FC codebook. As a third contribution, this paper proposes a new codeword selection criteria based on Long term statistics of the CSI (LCSI), instead of the conventional criteria using instantaneous CSI. This reduces the feedback rate of the index of the selected codeword while providing performance improvement over non-precoded SSK. Simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed codebooks and the performance improvement with LCSI selection criteria.


Spatial modulation Transmit precoding Low complexity codebook Limited feedback channel, MIMO 



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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Computer and Communication EngineeringUniversity Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP)ArauMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Electrical Engineering, College of EngineeringPrince Sattam bin Abdulaziz UniversityWadi AddawasirSaudi Arabia

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