Design and Review of Water Management System Using Ethernet, Wi-Fi 802.11n, Modbus, and Other Communication Standards

  • Bishwajeet Pandey
  • Giuseppe Airo Farulla
  • Marco Indaco
  • Ludovico Iovino
  • Paolo Prinetto


Sensors, actuators, and controllers communicate with each other in our Water Management Cyber Physical System (WM-CPS). This WM-CPS is also Internet of Things (IoTs) enable because controllers used in WM-CPS always get a unique IP address during connection with internet. In our work, various communication standards like Ethernet/IP, Modbus/TCP, Modbus/RTU, Wi-Fi 802.11n/IP, Wi-Fi 802.11n/UDP, and Wi-Fi 802.11n/TCP are taken under consideration. Raspberry Pi-3 (RPi-3) board is a controller. Relay and Pump are actuators. Our system works on two layers. Sensors and actuators communicate with controllers on Layer 0 (L0). Controller communicate with data base management system (DBMS), web Interface and virtual private server (VPS) at Layer 1 (L1). We have design and develop web interface of our system available with domain name. This WM-CPS is scalable and able to integrate many more sensors and actuators. We have surveyed 22 communication standards for our future WM-CPS.


Wi-Fi Ethernet 802.11 Modbus TCP RTU UDP Water management cyber physical system (WM-CPS) Internet of things (IoTs) 



The authors acknowledge all support staff of CINI, Polytechnic University of Turin and GSSI, Italy for their constructive and positive support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer SystemGran Sasso Science InstituteL’AquilaItaly
  2. 2.Politecnico di TorinoTurinItaly
  3. 3.ASTER SpaRomeItaly

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