Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 99, Issue 2, pp 1035–1059 | Cite as

A Lightweight Defense Approach to Mitigate Version Number and Rank Attacks in Low-Power and Lossy Networks

  • Mohammad Nikravan
  • Ali MovagharEmail author
  • Mehdi Hosseinzadeh


The Internet of Things (IoT) presents a new paradigm of the future internet that intends to provide interactive communication between various processing object via heterogeneous networks. The routing protocol in the IoT environment is Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Networks (RPL). The current RPL specification defines primary security modes; therefore it is vulnerable to topological attacks. In this paper the RPL routing mechanism, its topological vulnerabilities and two important topological attacks namely version number attack and rank spoofing attack are analyzed. To counter the mentioned attacks, a lightweight Identity Based Offline–Online Signature based scheme is proposed. Our evaluation shows that our proposed scheme is secure in the random oracle model, and in terms of computational cost and energy consumption efficiently counters with these attacks.


Internet of things Security Identity based signature RPL Version number attack Rank spoofing attack Sinkhole attack 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Electrical and Computer EngineeringIslamic Azad University, Science and Research BranchTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Computer EngineeringSharif University of TechnologyTehranIran
  3. 3.Iran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.Computer ScienceUniversity of Human DevelopmentSulaimaniyahIraq

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