Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 96, Issue 3, pp 4725–4735 | Cite as

A 3-D Radio Irregularity Model (3DRIM) for Wireless Sensor Network

  • Niharika Anand
  • Shamantha Rai Bellipady
  • Rajeev Ranjan
  • Shirshu Varma


Localization in wireless sensor network will be adversely effected due to radio irregularity. This makes the localization procedure more complex and as a result most of the localization techniques are based on the regular radio patterns and isotropic propagation model. In order to address this problem, we propose a three dimensional radio irregularity model, that takes into account non-isotropic radio model along with radio irregularity and also considers the three dimensional aspects. For this proposed model three dimensional degree of irregularity (3-D DOI) is calculated by forming a practical test bed and finally with the simulations are carried out to validate the theoretical model and effect of increase in distance on 3-D DOI.


Wireless sensor network Localization Radio irregularity Degree of irregularity Routing 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Niharika Anand
    • 1
  • Shamantha Rai Bellipady
    • 1
  • Rajeev Ranjan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shirshu Varma
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Information and TechnologyIndian Institute of Information and TechnologyAllahabadIndia
  2. 2.Reva UniversityBangaloreIndia

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