Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 96, Issue 2, pp 1741–1751 | Cite as

Adaptive Beaconing for Effective Inter-Vehicle Collision Avoidance System

  • Min-Ho Park
  • Yang-Ick JooEmail author


Cooperative awareness among vehicles is required to make driving safer. Inter-vehicle communication is achieved by beaconing in the vicinity of the respective vehicles. The beaconing includes the exchange of periodic messages on each vehicle’s status information. The shorter the period of the beacon message transmission is, the higher the status information accuracy is. Accordingly, driving is safer. However, frequent exchanges of the periodic beacon cause wireless channel congestion and packet loss. To address the trade-off problem between the accuracy of information and the channel load, this paper presents a scheme to determine the optimum beacon interval for guaranteeing fundamental accuracy, while maintaining a moderate load on the communication channel. A performance evaluation using a computer simulation showed that the proposed scheme guarantees sufficient information accuracy for effectively avoiding inter-vehicle collisions and information overload. Furthermore, the proposed scheme is compatible with, and can be directly applied to, the current vehicular ad hoc network system implementation.


Beaconing Collision avoidance Vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) Wireless access in vehicular environment (WAVE) 



Clear channel assessment


Control channel


Intelligent transportation system


Provider service identifier


Vehicle to vehicle


Vehicular ad hoc network


Wireless access in vehicular environment


WAVE short message


WSM protocol



This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (2013R1A1A1008098).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Electronic EngineeringSoongsil UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Division of Electronics and Electrical Information EngineeringKorea Maritime and Ocean UniversityBusanKorea

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