Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 92, Issue 3, pp 843–861 | Cite as

Performance of Energy-Efficient Cooperative MAC Protocol with Power Backoff in MANETs

  • Xiaoying Zhang
  • Lei Guo
  • Alagan Anpalagan
  • Ahmed Shaharyar Khwaja


This paper presents an energy-efficient cooperative MAC (EECO-MAC) protocol using power control in mobile ad hoc networks. Cooperative communications improve network performance by taking full advantage of the broadcast nature of wireless channels. The power control technique improves the network lifetime by adjusting the transmission power dynamically. We propose the best partnership selection algorithm, which takes energy consumption into consideration for selection of the optimal cooperative helper to join in the transmission. Through exchanging control packets, the optimal transmission power is allocated for senders to transmit data packets to receivers. In order to enhance energy saving, space–time backoff and time–space backoff algorithms are proposed. Simulation results show that EECO-MAC consumes less energy and prolongs the network lifetime compared to IEEE 802.11 DCF and CoopMAC at the cost of delay. Performance improvement offered by our proposed protocol is apparent in congested networks where nodes have low and limited energy.


Energy-efficient Cooperative Power control MANETs 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaoying Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lei Guo
    • 1
  • Alagan Anpalagan
    • 2
  • Ahmed Shaharyar Khwaja
    • 2
  1. 1.Northeastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.Ryerson UniversityTorontoCanada

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