Advertisement

Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 92, Issue 3, pp 843–861 | Cite as

Performance of Energy-Efficient Cooperative MAC Protocol with Power Backoff in MANETs

  • Xiaoying Zhang
  • Lei Guo
  • Alagan Anpalagan
  • Ahmed Shaharyar Khwaja
Article

Abstract

This paper presents an energy-efficient cooperative MAC (EECO-MAC) protocol using power control in mobile ad hoc networks. Cooperative communications improve network performance by taking full advantage of the broadcast nature of wireless channels. The power control technique improves the network lifetime by adjusting the transmission power dynamically. We propose the best partnership selection algorithm, which takes energy consumption into consideration for selection of the optimal cooperative helper to join in the transmission. Through exchanging control packets, the optimal transmission power is allocated for senders to transmit data packets to receivers. In order to enhance energy saving, space–time backoff and time–space backoff algorithms are proposed. Simulation results show that EECO-MAC consumes less energy and prolongs the network lifetime compared to IEEE 802.11 DCF and CoopMAC at the cost of delay. Performance improvement offered by our proposed protocol is apparent in congested networks where nodes have low and limited energy.

Keywords

Energy-efficient Cooperative Power control MANETs 

References

  1. 1.
    De Rango, F., Guerriero, F., & Peppino Fazio, M. (2012). Link-stability and energy aware routing protocol in distributed wireless networks. IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, 23(4), 713–726.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhang, X., Guo, L., & Wei, X. (2013). An energy-balanced cooperative MAC protocol based on opportunistic relaying in MANETs. Computers and Electrical Engineering, 39(6), 1894–1904.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Savitha, K. K., & Chandrasekar, C. (2013). An energy aware enhanced AODV routing protocol in MANET. International Journal of Communication Networks and Distributed Systems, 10(3), 233–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Macone, D., Oddi, G., & Pietrabissa, A. (2013). MQ-Routing: Mobility-, GPS- and energy-aware routing protocol in MANETs for disaster relief scenarios. Ad Hoc Networks, 11(3), 861–878.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang, W., Wang, H., Wang, B., Wang, Y., & Wang, J. (2013). Energy-aware and self-adaptive anomaly detection scheme based on network tomography in mobile adhoc networks. Information Sciences, 220, 580–602.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Choi, H.-H., Lee, H.-G., & Lee, J.-R. (2014). A new energy-aware source routing protocol for maximization of network lifetime in MANET. IEICE Transactions on Information and Systems, 97(2), 335–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    IEEE 802.11. (1999). Wireless LAN media access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications, ANSI/IEEE Std 802.11.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Arora, A., & Krunz, M. (2005). Interference-limited MAC protocol for MANETs with directional antennas. Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on WoWMoM, 2(4), 2–10.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gupta, P., & Kumar, P. R. (2000). The capacity of wireless networks. Transactions on Information Theory, 46(2), 388–404.MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Muqattash, A., & Krunz, M. (2003). Power controlled dual channel (PCDC) medium access protocol for wireless adhoc networks. In Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM (pp. 470–480).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gomez, J., Campbell, A. T., Naghshineh, M., & Bisdikian, C. (2001). Conserving transmit power in wireless adhoc networks. International conference on network protocols (pp. 24–34).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Agarwal, S., Katz, R. H., Krishnamurthy, S. V., & Dao, S. K. (2001). Distributed power control in adhoc wireless networks. In Proceedings of IEEE international symposium on personal, indoor and mobile radio communication (pp. 59–66).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pursley, M. B., Russell, H. B., & Wysocarski, J. S. (2000). Energy-efficient transmission and routing protocols for wireless multiple-hop networks and spread-spectrum radios. EUROCOMM (pp. 1–5).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jung, E.-S., & Vaidya, N. H. (2002). A power control MAC protocol for adhoc networks. MOBICOM (pp. 36–47).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zawodniok, M., Jagannathan, S. (2004). A distributed power control MAC protocol for wireless adhoc networks. In Proceedings of IEEE wireless communication and networking (pp. 1915–1920).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Muqattash, A., & Krunz, M. (2004). A single-channel solution for transmit power control in wireless adhoc networks. ACM MobiHoc, 2(3), 210–221.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gobriel, S., Melhem, R., & Mosse, D. (2004). A unified interference/collision analysis for power-aware adhoc networks. In Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM (pp. 7–11).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Colbourn, C. J., Cui, M., Lloyd, E. L., & Syrotiuk, V. R. (2007). A carrier sense multiple access protocol with power backoff (CSMA/PB). Ad Hoc Networks, 5(8), 1233–1250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Cui, M., & Syrotiuk, V. R. (2010). Time–space backoff for fair node throughput in wireless networks using power control. Ad Hoc Networks, 8(7), 767–777.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Li, P., Geng, X., & Fang, Y. (2009). An adaptive power controlled MAC protocol for wireless adhoc networks. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 8(1), 226–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Li, P., Shen, Q., Fang, Y., & Zhang, H. (2009). Power controlled network protocols for multi-rate adhoc networks. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 8(4), 2142–2149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hwang, R.-H., Wang, C.-Y., Wu, C.-J., & Chen, G.-N. (2013). A novel efficient power-saving MAC protocol for multi-hop MANETs. International Journal of Communication Systems, 8(4), 34–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sendonaris, A., Erkip, E., & Aazhang, B. (2003). User cooperation diversity—Part I: System description. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 8(4), 1927–1938.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhu, H., & Cao, G. (2005). RDCF: A relay-enabled medium access control protocol for wireless adhoc networks. In Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM (pp. 12–22).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Liu, P., Tao, Z., & Panwar, S. (2005). A cooperative MAC protocol for wireless local area networks. In Proceedings of ICC (pp. 2962–2968).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Dehghan, M., Ghaderi, M., & Goeckel, D. L. (2010). On the performance of cooperative routing in wireless networks. In Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM (pp. 1–5).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Korakis, T., Tao, Z., Slutskiy, Y., & Panwar, S. (2007). A cooperative MAC protocol for adhoc wireless networks. In Proceedings of PERCOM (pp. 532–536).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Wang, X., Li, J., & Guizani, M. (2012). NCAC-MAC: Network coding aware cooperateive medium access control for wireless networks. In Proceedings of IEEE WCNC (pp. 1646–1651).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Zhai, C., Liu, J., Zheng, L., & Xu, H. (2009). Lifetime maximization via a new cooperative MAC protocol in wireless sensor networks. In Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM (pp. 1–6).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Jang, J. (2009). A study on a network coding enabled cooperative MAC protocol at adhoc networks. KIMICS, 13(9), 1819–1828.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Himsoon, T., Siriwongpairat, W. P., Han, Z., & Ray Liu, K. J. (2007). Lifetime maximization via cooperative nodes and relay deployment in wireless networks. In IEEE journal selected areas in communicaiton (pp. 307–317).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Sadek, A. K., Yu, W., & Ray Liu, K. J. (2009). On the energy efficiency of cooperative communications in wireless sensor networks. ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks, 6(1), 15–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Rappaport, T. (1996). Wireless communications: Principles and practice. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Shih, K., & Chen, Y. (2005). CAPC: A collision avoidance power control MAC protocol for wireless adhoc networks. IEEE Communications Letters, 99, 859–861.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Zhang, Y., Sheng, M., Li, J., Tian, Y., Yao, J., Tang, D., & Fu, J. (2010). Performance analysis and improvement of cooperative mac for multi-hop ad hoc networks. In IEEE international symposium on personal indoor and mobile radio communications (pp. 1457–1462).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Wang, X., & Li, J. (2013). Improving the network lifetime of MANETs through cooperative MAC protocol design. IEEE Transactions Parallel and Distributed Systems, 9(9), 859–861.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Sheu, J.-P., Chang, J.-T., Ma, C., & Leong, C.-P. (2013). A cooperative MAC protocol based on 802.11 in wireless ad hoc networks. In IEEE WCNC (pp. 416–421).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Viswanath, G., Sreenivasulu, G., & Sunil Kumar Reddy, T. (2014). Enhancing power unbiased cooperative media access control protocol in manets. International Journal of Engineering Inventions, 4(2), 8–12.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
  40. 40.
    Bai, F., & Helmy, A. (2004). A survey of mobility modeling and analysis in wireless adhoc networks. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaoying Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lei Guo
    • 1
  • Alagan Anpalagan
    • 2
  • Ahmed Shaharyar Khwaja
    • 2
  1. 1.Northeastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.Ryerson UniversityTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations