Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 92, Issue 2, pp 455–465 | Cite as

Path Loss Models for Low-Height Mobiles in Forest and Urban

Article

Abstract

This paper presents path loss measurements at 2.1 GHz in forest and urban areas. Empirical path loss models have been presented for low-height dual-mobility channels. Three test scenarios are considered for the transmitter (Tx) and receiver (Rx) placed inside the test vehicle or on a test cart pushed at walking speed. Based on measurements, the in-leaf and single-slope path loss models are presented. The path loss exponents for the dual-mobility channels are found to be between 2.1 and 3.4 in urban and 8.0 in forest, with higher reference when antennas are placed inside the vehicle.

Keywords

Dual-mobility Vehicle-to-vehicle Vehicle-to-walk Dense scatter Path loss 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer ScienceWichita State UniversityWichitaUSA

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