Editorial: Special Issue on “Human Bond Communications (HBC)”
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The 17th Edition of the closed-door Strategic Workshop was held in Villa Mondragone, Italy from the 18th to the 20th of May, 2015. The focus during the active 2-day discussions of the participating major stakeholders was on HBC, addressing concept, systems, network security, and future strategy.
The theme for the Strategic Workshop 2015 (SW’ 15) was Human Bond Communications (HBC): The Human Bond Communications (HBC) is a holistic approach to describe and transmit the features of a subject in the way human perceives it. This communication will involve all the five senses for modelling the physical subject into information domain, actuating and transmitting through communication platform. This will let the physical subject to be understood by two mutually agreeing users of Human Bond Communications in the way subject observed by individual users separately.
Modern dexterous communication technology is progressively enabling humans to communicate their information through them with speech (aural) and media (optical) as underpinning essence. Humans realize this kind of aural and optical information by their optical and auditory senses. However, due to certain constraints, the ability to incorporate the other three sensory features namely, olfactory, gustatory, and tactile are still far from reality. Human Bond Communications is a novel concept that incorporates olfactory, gustatory, and tactile that will allow more expressive and holistic sensory information exchange through communication techniques for more human sentiment centric communication. This concept endorses the need of inclusion of other three senses and proposes an innovative approach of holistic communication for future communication network.
This Special Issue features eight selected papers on the above topic that concentrate on a wide range of problems in the way HBC will be realized effectively based on smart communication. The HBC relies amply on emotions and person specific information, therefore, effective reliability, trust, and security will have to be considered.
The first paper, “Human Bond Communications: Generic Classification and Technology Enablers”, by Liljana Gavrilovska and Valentin Rakovic provides a survey of the existing and most recent works that focus on the vision as well as the core technical enablers of the HBC paradigm. It discusses and identifies the key challenges for the future research directions and the ongoing HBC related activities.
The second paper, “Human-like Sensing for Robotic Remote Inspection and Analytics”, by Arpan Pal, Ranjan Dasgupta, Arindam Saha, and Bhaskar Nandi introduces Human-like Sensing or “5 senses computing” as a natural futuristic extension of Internet-of-Things. This paper discusses how 3D optical vision, thermal vision, acoustic profiling, olfaction, and tactile sensing can help in remote inspection and analytics solutions. Further, the authors propose a robot mounted opto-thermal and acoustic sensing system as a possible integrated system to gather such data.
The Third paper, “Future Wireless Systems for Human Bond Communications”, by Enrico Del Re, Simone Morosi, Lorenzo Mucchi, Luca Simone Ronga, and Sara Jayousi aims to summarize the main feature of HBCs, describe a flexible architecture that could be adopted in these future systems, discuss how upcoming future wireless systems (e.g. upcoming 5G standards, Wireless Body Area Network, etc.) could eventually boost the HBC adoption, deal with the security and privacy issues, present the possible applications in multiple contexts and address the open points in the development of an HBC system.
The fourth paper, “Personalized Ubiquitous Health and Wellness Care: the KNOWLEDGE-CARE Vision”, by Mauro De Sanctis proposes a new knowledge-based cross-disciplinary approach (including ICT engineering, business, systems medicine, telemedicine, and ethics) to attack the problem utilizing an e-health cloud platform, where the individuals can “upload” and “download” personal healthcare data and knowledge at the same time allowing healthcare stakeholders to do the same under the respective personal security and ethical rules.
The fifth paper, “Data Driven Wireless Network Design: a Multi-level Modelling Approach”, by Carolina Fortuna, Eil De Poorter, Primoz Skraba, and Ingrid Moerman contributes two novel ideas namely, (i) the use of data driven multi-level analysis for understanding the behavior of wireless networks, and (ii) the identification of open challenges and directions for future research.
The sixth paper, “Multi Business Model Innovation in a World of 5G- What Will Persuasive Business Models Look Like in a World of 5G?”, by Peter Lindgren describes a conceptual futuristic look to persuasive business models embedded with persuasive technologies with some preliminary case research. State-of-the art of on persuasive business model and persuasive technology research are presented and finally a summary is give on what we can expect in a future world of 5G.
The seventh paper, “Dental and Biological Aspects for the Design of an Integrated Wireless Warning System for Implant Supported Prostheses”, by Gianpaolo Sannino, Diego Sbardella, Ernestina Cianca, Marina Ruggieri, Massimo Coletta, and Ramjee Prasad proposes a system for an early warning on the prosthesis performance, in particular in terms of micro-displacements of the implant-prostheses connection, enabling actions to prevent fatal damages to the structure. The system includes a sensor for micro-displacement to be inserted in prosthesis volume, with embedded wireless communications capabilities.
The eighth paper, “Network Neutrality Impact on Human Bond Communications”, by Yapeng Wang and Ramjee Prasad reviews the development of Network Neutrality (NN) debate process, and the opinions from different sides, including network providers, service providers, other relevant companies, governments and researchers. This paper also discusses the emphasis of NN’s impact on futuristic innovation, particularly on the Human Bond Communications.